How to Find Primes Anywhere in the Number Line, Fast & Efficiently, No Matter How Large 

How to Find Primes Anywhere in the Number Line, Fast &
Efficiently, No Matter How Large
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By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © May 2020
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This is based upon the Wiggins Prime Sieve, which has shown that there are only 8 places in every 30 digits which can be primes. Those occur no where else.
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Because the prime quartets occur in repeating cast out 3 Remainder 0, 1 and 2 (Rem0, Rem1, Rem2) throughout the entire number line.  Those positions are invariant throughout the entire number line.
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Therefore NO matter how large the primes are, if we locate the Rem1 quartet by summing up the total of the numbers to the left of any number  of digits, then divide by three, we will only find 0, 1, 2, remainders. Because the Rem1 has 4 possible primes ending in -1, -3, -7, 9., only those can be primes . There are only 2 primes possible in the Rem0 quartet of 1, 3, 7, 9, viz, 1 and 7.  In Rem2 only the 3 and 9 ending numbers can be prime. Thus the largest number of primes is found in the Rem1 quartet, and often more in  than in the Rem2 & Rem0 combined, as well. Thus we need only test the Rem1 quartets to find  the most primes.
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As this is a compound method, we know that it works. For instance in Dugas and O’Connor, out of the Technical Uni of Tenn.:
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They found over 54 Million primes to 1 billions And listed the last 50 known primes up to 1 Billion. IN EVERY case each of those primes fell in the exact sites  allowable in the Rem1, 2, & 3 quartets. And that proves that the method works even to 1 billions.
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Thus we can locate primes very easily using this compound method. The Wiggins Prime Sieve shows easily by the c/o 3 remainder method where the Rem1, & all primes possible sites are targetable anywhere, no matter how high.
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Thus by using a prime certification method on ONLY those 4 sites in any number of any digits long, we can ID primes without limit as long as the computer can sum up the totals of the digits and cast out 3, thus locating the Rem1 quartets anywhere. IN addition, for no matter how high the primes are, we can always find larger primes, without limits. This is done by simply adding 30 to the largest known prime, and then locating the next Rem1 quartet higher and lower than that. Easily, repeatedly, & efficiently.
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Effectively 4 of every 30 numbers has the Rem1 primes sites, Thus out of 30 numbers only 2/15 of the number line need be only looked at. That greatly simplifies the search. And in addition using the prime squared +2, then +4, then plus 2, and then +4, etc., we generate primes composites very simply, and quickly, and reduce down the number line easily by 92% more, Giving, eventually only by taking out primes from 7 to 23. IF using primes up to 61, nearly 99+% of the number line can be removed. And thus speed up the finding of the primes by the well known AKS prime identifier process, which is the fastest known.
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Thus by this method, for no matter how high the primes of whatever length of digits, we can locate higher primes at will and with a simple method., Thus speeding up the ID’g of primes by 100’s, & even 1000’s of times faster then current methods.
This also weighs in on the twin prime question quite easily and simply.  Because there are ONLY 3 places in the 1, 3, 7, 9 quartets of Rem1, 2, & 3, where there are twin primes, Twice in Rem 1, viz -1 & -3, and -7 and -9. The other is from the transition from Rem2 -9 to Rem0 -1. From 19 to 21 the 21 is not prime. From 29 to 31 is IS prime. that is from Rem 2 to Rem0. From 39 to 41, that is from Rem0 to Rem1, again, 39 site is always not a prime. Thus, ONLY in those 3 sites can there be twin primes. That vastly reduces the searches for confirmation of the Twin Prime Hyp.
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IN working through the number line up to 1 billion, we find exactly those same conditions. Thus it can be proven by exhaustion and simple logic, that twin primes can be found anywhere in the number line, tho they become less common as the number of digits increases. Still, it’s highly likely that twin primes exist without limits, and thus can be easily proven by the Wiggins Prim Sieve quartets method, as well.
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This largely states the proofs that the twin prime hypothesis is the case. & once the formal logical proof can be sorted thru and created, very, very simply proves the Twin Prime hypothesis, as well.
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Thus the Magic of the Wiggins Prime  Sieve.
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& also shows that Goldbach’s is both true, not true, and at very high numbers where the primes because so very rare, is possibly not true, as well.

 Decision Making & Shopping: The Fundamentals

 

Decision Making & Shopping: the Fundamentals

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By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2020
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The basics of shopping are the essentials of decision making in a nutshell. Everyone does shopping for items. The decisions we make are ALL relevant to an understanding of decision making in most all of its aspects. As the largest general application of decision making, understanding shopping decisions is critical to understanding most all decision making in the markets.
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First, we just realize the basics. Hows does the brain work in its higher Functions? It’s CP, LE, S/F, anatomically; and Complex systems (Cx Sys). The latter tells us why it’s so hard to figure out how decisions are made. We must FIRST have the basics of how the brain works by invoking the universal processors (nearly) as above. And then within that vast framework apply those methods of understanding Cx Sys to a more complete understanding of decision making processes, mostly, but rarely always & not completely.
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Thus we have a solid framework for approaching shopping, the most universal of easily investigated decisions making and one of the most important, & common, as well, financially. When using comparison processing CP) with Least Energy (LE) guidance, we can optimize shopping simply & practically. & use those optimized outcomes to compare to actual shopping, market research to detect by those disparities, how Emotionality intrudes in most persons while shopping. This gives the essential standards by which we can not only understand the best shopping, AND decision making, but creates the means to see how people actually DO shop, as well. If we have the standards of how brain processes work, then we can better Understand what’s likely going on.
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In addition we understand that there are the CP operations to make Both LE efficiencies the best possible decisions at one time for each of our various goals. Goals must be set to optimize what’s best to buy. Then we see at once that emotional factors of what people like, the fads and the fashions ALSO play a large role in this.
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And the difference between the optimal decisions, relatively speaking and what people actually do, highlights the emotional, and ID’s those as primary players in most all of their aspects in decision making. Thus, we have a very large S/F system of Cx Sys understanding which gives us the optimal decisions, most important in business, corporate marketing situations. & then we contrast those, which exposes the emotional aspects as revealed by this limitless CP between what’s BEST for the customer, vs. what they Like the best, & choose, widely.
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And that’s how it’s structured. This has also been discussed in similar detail using the Walking Cameo article, which shows the best, optimal decisions are made by goals of what we need to do, where we are going & HOW we optimize those routes, vs. what we need to do to meet our physical & emotional goals, too. Thus Cx Sys & LE drive the outcomes of walking decisions, to optimize getting there in least time, distance, energy, cost, least heat, cool routes, and so forth, which make the OUTCOMES research Identified as THE major way in which we understand what’s going on. We cannot calculate outcomes of Cx Sys. BUT we can quantitate the sums of the results of outcomes, and that shows us in detail how we make decisions in the Cx sys in which we work. This deep understanding allows us to solve, largely, optimally, as best we can, the decisions we need to make. & allows us to also to Study how experts and professionals make decisions & Learn without limits from those, too.
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  The S-curves of growth are also basic to understand here.
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Thus, we are able to better model, understand, project &  predict what’s going to happen in the long run with LE optimized decisions, versus the ones which are temporarily made & which drive fads and fashions, but inevitably yield to LE optimized outcomes in the long run. This gives a vast, flexible almost unlimited ability to understand shopping, thus marketing, thus most all decision making, too. The power of these nearly universal brain processes cannot be underestimated nor completely understood, but yet it’s an excellent start to a more coherent understandable, applicable & above all Empirically Practical model of shopping. This shows us the vagaries and multiplicities of “shopping decision making” processes ongoing.  It simplifies down vastly what we are looking at &  renders it far, far more comprehensible, but NOT absolutely, but optimally for a time, place & conditions. That’s what going on largely.
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So let’s get going over to the supermarket, look & see what we are doing there, mostly & likely.
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We know by past experience with the markets in the area which has the best, freshest, widest selection & best prices, by CP with most of the stores. We need some fresh fruits and veggies. We find the area there. We want some lettuce, green onions, tomatoes and related. The lettuce can’t be floppy, but is best when crispy, too. So we check for that, and then the price. Is it off season and high cost, or not? Is it locally grown as in California, or imported from the south? So we get a head of lettuce with no brown on it, as they don’t put expiration dates on the unpackaged lettuce. Then bag it up into the cart, and look for those tomatoes. Like some nice round, not bruised & fresh looking tomatoes, but not too pricey, either, as in off season. How many do we need? & 75 Cents/pound. good enough for here. sort out the not bruised ones which also look clean. & then for the green onions., Again, not stale or soft looking, and in a fair sized, good bunch, always looking for freshness, and good price. There’s some in a large bunch for almost the same price for smaller, and so we get those. We can always chill them, & they’ll keep fresh. We see all of the Cx Sys factors going into our purchases. It’s at least 3-4 characteristics we use for each item, which makes it Cx Sys decision making. We know by outcomes what’s fresh looking or not. by the comparative prices when we’ve been there before. So we have the fixins for a good salad.
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Then to the fruit section., Oranges are in season. Best Vit C is the navels, but they are not as sweet as the Valencias., We pick up some of those. Are they soft or firm? Any green mold on them? Is it too dry or too light or heavy? Thus meaning been there too long, or picked too late (crystallization). But there’s a 5# bag of navels for sale at 1/2 the price of the unpackaged ones. Are they fresh in the bag, are they soft/ and no visible green molding? We get the best of that bunch.
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Bananas always in season, as are year round grown, unlike the oranges which are confined as in the navels, tangelos & tangerines to later Dec. to about Feb./March. Any of those found very much after, must be imported from S. Hemisphere, where the ripening times overlap. And the Valencias take ripening from about April-Mar, as long as through Sept. for freshness. So sometime we can get valencias for the table or navels are better. Cx Sys decision making, again.
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Oops, forgot the taters!! So we see the spuds there, big and nice looking, but the red skinned ones are cheaper, and not moldy, or soft, either. Not lots of dirt in the eyes, either, which adds to price being simply paying for dirt, too. & more time to clean up to eat. We’ve noted the Idahos at off season have lots of internal black mold below the skins, which we can’t see from the surface. So those have to be avoided. It’s the overlap times which make it hard to tell. and we can’t go cutting opening the spuds and the bags, to see that, either. So we guess what’s likely right. Are those above all in abundance, or too well picked over?
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Are he bananas bright yellow, or black spotted, too soft and bruised looking? So the decisions we are making are Cx Sys for outcomes, mostly. And if we just shop too fast, we miss and make mistakes. We rush shopping we make too many mistakes, too. Bananas and oranges. We’re set for a week, or so, and those will keep that long if refrigerated and enough room in the crisper and bottom level for those, too. Otherwise they spoil faster. Esp. in the hot summers, which can be humid, or not in California, too.
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An another line of inquiry, very relevant to decision making on a higher level.
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My sis showed me this. She knew the backyard well enough, and saw some grayish smoke rising. Went out back to see better what it was, and then realized it was not a fire in the back alley, but wispy grayish stuff coming up out of the deep creek’s ravine behind the house. coming up, from the waters of the creek..
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Being a field biologist for 50 years, I went out with her, and saw because the frost was thick and heavy, and the sun was bright and hot, was making the leaves with frost turn to water, making the leaves along the creek shiny from the water. The sun hit the leaves, evaporating the water, and soon as it struck the 32 deg. air, it turned the invisible water vapours to fog.
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Had seen much the same on the roads in Rocky Mtns, where the snowy, icy black asphalt gets hot sun on it, the vapour pressure at high altitudes is much less, and thus the sun heats the ices/snow, turns that to vapor, which then rises and gives the impression of steam when it hits the very cold air. The roads steam in the Rockies in the winter with ices/snow on them hit by hot sun days.
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Saw much the same in the back, not rising form the water of the creeks but evaporating off the wet, previously frosted leaves, giving the impression of steam rising. But it was rising H20 vapours, cooled down suddenly, which became fog, and that was winter fog, and how it often may come about. Some valleys in the RMtn. areas get covered with that kind of fog from related events, just like in back of her house, too. Now the frost that AM was very heavy, and from a rapid fall in temps to about 30, or so, the frost was thick on the grass & leaves, & the proximity to the creek water, meant more would freeze out on the leaves. Thus many effects, combined to give the illusion of “smoky air” rising up, when in fact, once we analyzed it, and CP’s processed and LE processed it, was simply fog in winter. Sort of odd, like the Moon at Noon, too. Rare, but does occur.
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&  we had yet another example of complex systems of how fog can rise up, from many causes and create rime frost, thick and heavy, which was what the frosty grass and the leaves by the creek had been processed thru. Cx Sys processes all. & there it was. I could watch my sis think in detail, aided by correctives, knowledge & figured out what had happened. It WAS fog, but winter fog, and let that be a lesson to us. Cx Sys thinking works LOTS better than logical, math, linear methods. &  with CP/LE  methods, works very well to empirically correct our first impressions, too, that it was smoke, then that was water coming up off the creek which was WAY below and not in the sun, and then at last it was the frost melting  on the leaves, as witness the shiny wetness, and so forth.
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 And then using T&E until we find the best, most likely right, empirical testing to arrive at the best conclusions. Not smoke, but fog. Not rising from the creek below OUT of the sun & very cold, but from the hot sun on the frosty, then wet, evaporating water on the leaves, which hit the cold air turning to winter fog. Rare, but the case, too. & that the CP, LE & the methods those create are creative, testable, & can be cameos of how we think, expactly, when we are being creative.
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  Therefore, and VIPoint, CP, LE, S/F relationships as in the invisible water vapor going to frost on the leaves, then hit by the visual processing method of seeing the rime frost coat the leaves, then the hot sun melting those, creating water & shiny leaves. Then it’s evaporated  by the hot sun into water vapours, which become visible hitting the very cold air, and thus fog, again. & that’s HOW we best make decisions, using the inherently LE, CP methods at our disposal. and means that much better, more realistic, stable & FASTER conclusions can be drawn by those means. CP, LE, T&E  sorting, visual thinking in physical processes, all guided by LE and past experiences.
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And shows the wellsprings of creativity in the CP, LE methods, how we test those, and arrive, at least & at last at the most likely conclusions about How events in our universe, being Cx Sys. very likely do work and in all of their rich complexities, multiplicities & outcomes which are totally suspected, too.. & there that is.
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Decision making is a rough, hard question. First, it’s complex system, and found in nearly every field known, as very easily shown in my “Walking Cameos”. Multiple factors, found in decision making in all fields, clearly make it so. Thus it must be considered in those ways, and treated not with logic, math, nor linearity, but Cx Sys information processings. It’s often very complicated because many factors are involved. thus decision making is very complicated because it’s CX Sys of many interacting parts, which we integrate to make a good, reasonable outcome.
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Understanding that, explains why it’s so complicated. But using a fairly simple set of methods, we can more easily solve. The problem is that of guidance. Our goals we pick need to be efficient, that is least energy efficiency chosen to optimize outcomes. That’s the key to optimization of decision making. Next, understanding that we must sort, pick & choose among those possible ways of doing things, using LE as the guide. This automatically empiricizes the outcomes, as well, making them much more likely to be the case, real & existing, as well as practical.
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Time is a major part of this. If we save cost, materials, and so forth, the materials costs go down. But we can always buy more of those. But if we save, above all, a significant amount of time, by picking the right choice among our options, that we cannot buy. and further, we then have more time to do more in less time, as well. Thus the key goal is time savings, and then costs, energy, materials, and so forth.  Using the walking cameo as a guide, we tend to walk at a constant pace. So we take a short curt, a shorter route, then we save time, maximally about 30% by a 45 deg. hypotenuse in distance, for instance, Or the longest hypotenuse under most conditions. That not ONLY saves energy, and movements, but it also saves that which we cannot buy, more time.
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Thus professional drivers know that. They can take a longer route, use more energy, but if it routinely saves them 5-10 minutes, esp. if that route is repeatedly used in a month’s time, then they save a LOT of time, as the outcome. And that pays for itself, by using that time to do more, over all. Thus saving time is foremost, unless the route is too long to do the outcome correctly. Time, distance, energy are Cx Sys, that is N=3. & it’s why such decisions are not easily reached, but can be measured AND to distinguish the best, and sort it out by Outcomes, the least amount of time usually wins. And doing more with less, is exactly an important part of efficiencies, which as is known, drives the markets. Again, thermodynamics in action..It guides our decisions.
Decision making, therefore, in most all cases can be made better, faster, more likely, more empirical, & more creatively using CP, which gives us LE, which gives us creativity, and that which solves for us our problems.
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This empiricizes, simplifies & describes most ALL decision making down to simple methods, which we can all use, & usually have no solid, or plain ideas we are, as my sis did not. & I was able to dissect, analyze and make sense of each step, which she could not do, not  having an effective, efficient, universal methodology, widely applicable.. And that’s the key to understanding most ALL decision making as well. It’s that simple. and it can be then scientifically tested because the CP, LE, S/F and visual thinking processing converts it into testable hypotheses, which can be successfully created, and solve most all problems. But only so far.
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Decision making, in a nutshell, can now be very likely most all of it, broken down into the above mentioned model & we can see brains making decisions as they solve problems in front of us , thus we can Read Their Minds, improve the processes & power of those decisions being made. Without limits, with endlessly creative means and those can be now cast into a form, which descriptions & occ. mathematically can be tested and shown to be the very likely case. But not quite…..
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This is how CP, LE, S/F, visual thinking, Cx Sys, and all of the methods, approaches, techniques & technologies, ways of doing things, devices, tools, & instruments are created & work, in a nut shell. And it’s simple, fast and ca be done without limits, too.
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THAT is the power of these new methods and models. And how it can be easily adapted to creating General AI, is a matter of simple doing it. Most All of the major problems to unlimited advancements, are now on the table and can be used without end. That’s what has happened over the last few years. and it’s very simple, workable, & has been so driving our creativity & advancements, quietly without us knowing, or suspecting it, all these 1000’s of years, too, at least.
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And the animals use much the same basic systems as do we, so it describes a very great deal with very little, endlessly and empirically, testable as well.
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Decision making is best made using the Empirical testers of CP and LE. CP finds the LE outcomes,and lets us choose those & this empiricizes the problems faster than much else, too. It makes he solution far more real and practical. CP & LE analysis naturally give a least energy, very rapid analysis which can be tested for outcomes, be it math or verbal descriptions. It ensconces empiricism of the universal processor of LE in most all its Cx Sys forms, as well.
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Table of Contents

 

Table of contents. 3 Mar. 2020

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/05/17/extensions-applications-pts-1-2/

4. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 1
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/02/28/the-comparison-process-explananda-pt-1/

5. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 2
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/02/28/the-comparison-process-explananda-pt-2/

6. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 3
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/04/comparison-process-explananda-pt-3/?relatedposts_hit=1&relatedposts_origin=17&relatedposts_position=1

7. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 4
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/15/the-comparison-process-comp-explananda-4/?relatedposts_hit=1&relatedposts_origin=38&relatedposts_position=0

8. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 5: Cosmology
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/15/cosmology-and-the-comparison-process-comp-explananda-5/

9. AI and the Comparison Process
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/20/artificial-intelligence-ai-and-the-comparison-process-comp/

10. Optical and Sensory Illusions, Creativity and the Comparison Process (COMP)
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/06/opticalsensory-illusions-creativity-the-comp/

11. The Emotional Continuum: Exploring Emotions with the Comparison Process
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/02/the-emotional-continuum-exploring-emotions/

12. Depths within Depths: the Nested Great Mysteries
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/14/depths-within-depths-the-nested-great-mysteries/

13. Language/Math, Description/Measurement, Least Energy Principle and AI
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/09/languagemath-descriptionmeasurement-least-energy-principle-and-ai/

14. The Continua, Yin/Yang, Dualities; Creativity and Prediction
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/21/the-continua-yinyang-dualities-creativity-and-prediction/

15. Empirical Introspection and the Comparison Process
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/24/81/

16. The Spark of Life and the Soul of Wit

17. The Praxis: Use of Cortical Evoked Responses (CER), functional MRI (fMRI), Magnetic Electroencephalography (MEG), and Magnetic Stimulation of brain (MagStim) to investigate recognition, creativity and the Comparison Process

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/05/16/the-praxis/

18. A Field Trip into the Mind

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/05/21/106/

19. Complex Systems, Boundary Events and Hierarchies

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/06/11/complex-systems-boundary-events-and-hierarchies/

20. The Relativity of the Cortex: The Mind/Brain Interface

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/07/02/the-relativity-of-the-cortex-the-mindbrain-interface/

21. How to Cure Diabetes (AODM type 2)
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/07/18/how-to-cure-diabetes-aodm-2/

22. Dealing with Sociopaths, Terrorists and Riots

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/08/12/dealing-with-sociopaths-terrorists-and-riots/

23. Beyond the Absolute: The Limits to Knowledge

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/09/03/beyond-the-absolute-limits-to-knowledge/

24  Imaging the Conscience.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/10/20/imaging-the-conscience/

25. The Comparison Process: Creativity, and Linguistics. Analyzing a Movie

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/03/24/comparison-process-creativity-and-linguistics-analyzing-a-movie/

26. A Mother’s Wisdom

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/06/03/a-mothers-wisdom/

27. The Fox and the Hedgehog

28. Sequoias, Parkinson’s and Space Sickness.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/07/17/sequoias-parkinsons-and-space-sickness/

29. Evolution, growth, & Development: A Deeper Understanding.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/09/01/evolution-growth-development-a-deeper-understanding/

30. Explanandum 6: Understanding Complex Systems

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/09/08/explandum-6-understanding-complex-systems/

31. The Promised Land of the Undiscovered Country: Towards Universal Understanding

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/09/28/the-promised-land-of-the-undiscovered-country-towards-universal-understanding-2/

32. The Power of Proliferation

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/10/02/the-power-of-proliferation/

33. A Field Trip into our Understanding

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/11/03/a-field-trip-into-our-understanding/

34.  Extensions & applications: Pts. 1 & 2.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/05/17/extensions-applications-pts-1-2/

(35. A Hierarchical Turing Test for General AI, this was deleted after being posted, and it’s not known how it occurred.)

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/05/17/extensions-applications-pts-1-2/

35. The Structure of Color Vision

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/06/11/the-structure-of-color-vision/

36. La Chanson Sans Fin:   Table of Contents

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/09/28/le-chanson-sans-fin-table-of-contents-2/

37. The Structure of Color Vision

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/06/16/the-structure-of-color-vision-2/

38. Stabilities, Repetitions, and Confirmability

41. Melding Cognitive Neuroscience & Behaviorism

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/11/19/melding-cognitive-neuroscience-behaviorism/

42. An Hierarchical Turing Test for AI

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/12/02/an-hierarchical-turing-test-for-ai/

43.  Do Neutron Stars develop into White Dwarfs by Mass Loss?https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/02/08/do-neutron-stars-develop-into-white-dwarfs-by-mass-loss/

44. An Infinity of Flavors ?                             https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/02/16/an-infinity-of-flavors/

45. The Origin of Infomration & Understanding; and the Wellsprings of Creativity

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/04/01/origins-of-information-understanding/

46. The Complex System of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/04/22/the-complex-system-of-the-second-law-of-thermodynamics/

47. How Physicians Create New Information

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/05/01/how-physicians-create-new-information/

48. An Hierarchical Turing Test for AI

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/05/20/an-hierarchical-turing-test-for-ai-2/

49. The Neuroscience of Problem Solving

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/05/27/the-neuroscience-of-problem-solving/

50. A Standard Method to Understand Neurochemistry’s Complexities

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/05/30/a-standard-method-to-understand-neurochemistrys-complexities/

51. Problem Solving for Self Driving Cars: a Model.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/06/10/problem-solving-for-self-driving-cars-a-model/

52. A Trio of Relationships and Connections

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/08/04/a-trio-of-relationships-connections/

53: Einstein’s Great Subtleties:  Einstein’s Edge

54. The Problem of Solving P not Equal to NP

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/04/28/the-problem-of-solving-p-not-equal-to-np/

55. How to Create a Blue Rose

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/06/02/how-to-create-a-blue-rose/

56. The Etymologies of Creativity

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/06/14/the-etymologies-creativity/

57.  A Basic Model of a Unifying System of Most All Knowledge

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/07/06/a-basic-model-of-a-unifying-system-of-most-all-knowledge/

58. Understanding Psych with S/F Brain Methods

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/07/11/understanding-psychology-with-s-f-methods/

59. The Wiggins Prime Sieve

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/08/02/the-wiggins-prime-sieve/

60. The Complex System of Love

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/08/22/the-complex-system-of-love/

61. The Limits of the Comparison Process

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/08/27/the-limits-of-comparison-processing/

62.  The Bees, Cortical Brain Structure, Einstein’s Brain, etc.

3. The Wiggins Prime Sieve, Version 3.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/09/15/the-wiggins-prime-sieve-version-3/

64. The Prime Quartets Method

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/10/04/prime-quartets-method-capabilities-insights-sans-limits/

65. Is Goldbach’s Conjecture True And/or False, Conditionally?

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/11/17/is-goldbachs-conjecture-true-and-or-false-conditionally/

66. The Magic of the Prime Multiples and Goldbach’s….

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/11/27/the-magic-of-the-prime-multiples-insights-into-goldbachs-conjecture/

67 The Wiggins Primes Sieve:  Cycles of 30’s in the Primes

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/12/17/the-wiggins-prime-sieve-cycles-of-30s-in-the-primes/

68. Winning at Solitaire, Basic Strategies

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/02/04/winning-at-solitaire-basic-strategies/

69, The Failures of Idealisms & Brain Hardwiring in the Sciences

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/04/04/the-failures-of-idealisms-brain-hardwiring-in-the-sciences/

70. The Break Outs: The roots of Growth & Unlimited Creativities

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/06/the-break-outs-roots-of-growth-unlimited-creativities/

71. How to Find the MH370 Crash Site

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/19/the-likely-indian-ocean-so-equatorial-current-crash-sites-for-mh370/

72. Walking Shortcuts, a Cameo

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/21/walking-shortcuts-a-cameo-for-creating-unlimited-professional-growth/

73. Einstein’s Quotes & Neuroscientific Insights on Creativity & Understanding

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/07/09/einsteins-quotes-and-neuroscientific-insights-on-creativity-etc/

74. Towards a Model of Everything 14 Jul. 2019

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/07/13/towards-a-model-of-everything-moe/

75. Addenda: The Walkabout Article  22 Jul 2019

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/07/22/the-walkabout-article-addenda/

76. NP not = P, Second considerations

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/07/23/np-not-equal-to-p-2nd-considerations/

77. The Kategoria of Incompletenesses, Limits to Our Growth.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/08/05/the-kategoria-of-the-incompletenesses/

78. The Flight of Tennis Balls:   A Cameo of Creative Thinking & Understanding

79. The S curves of Growth

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/09/10/the-s-curves-of-growth/

80. A New Possible Sunspot Duration Detector

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/10/07/a-new-possible-sunspot-duration-amplitude-predictor/

81. 2nd Addendum to Walking/Decision Making article.

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/10/08/2nd-addendum-partial-mathematization-of-the-walking-decision-making-article/

82. Part 2: An Historical Genealogy of Tom Horn

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/11/16/an-historical-genealogy-of-tom-horn-part-2/

83.  Part 1: An Historical Genealogy of Tom Horn

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/11/16/part-1-an-historical-genealogy-of-tom-horn/

84. The Power of & Great Age of Human Predictions/Prophecies

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/12/19/the-power-of-great-age-of-human-predictions-prophecies/

85. Four Short, Creative Insight Articles

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2020/01/14/four-short-creative-insight-articles/

86>  The Likely Indian Ocean Southern Equatorial Current Crash Site of Flight MH370

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/19/the-likely-indian-ocean-so-equatorial-current-crash-sites-for-mh370/

87. Our Eyes Cannot See Our Eyes:  The Mindtraps

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2020/02/08/our-eyes-cannot-see-our-eyes-the-mindtraps/
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90. Decision Making and Shopping
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The Complex System of Our Colour Vision

The Complex System of our Colour Vision
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By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2020
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As has been explored in part before, “The Structure of Color Vision”. There is a lot more to colour vision than has been explored before, nor understood very completely. The system is necessarily complex system (Cx Sys) and thus is amenable to the best description by using the Kategoria to describe it’s many different aspects and colours.

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For instance, comparing (Comparison Processing, CP) the visual system of colours to that of the electromagnetic spectrum of co-lours is very, revealing and shows many disparities and interesting observations.
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Structure of our colour vision, here.
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First Kategoria is the EM spectrum, and we then compare that to the ROY G BI mnemonic listing the colours we ID and name by CP.  That creates data by the differences. The EM spectrum is linear, & thus leaves OUT a very great deal as linear methods do. The Structure shows that starkly. Where is brown, white, grays unlimited and black? Where is Dayglo? Thus in order to complete better our descriptions of colours as we see them, we use the Kategoria. and that yields very interesting insights, Plus we use structure/function (S/F) relationships to further extend our understanding of HOW color vision arises.
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Next Kategoria is 2. Black, the Grays unlimited, and White. What is this? Animals do not always see in colors. They have a black/white system, like B&W TV and photography (Platinum Methods are the best). Simply, this is the number of photons reaching the retina. The more photons, the whiter it is, the less, the fewer & grayer. and at the border zone of detectable, it’s black. The structure/function (S/F) is that of of the rods. Those are the detectors of the black and white colors, and the unlimited grays. The rods quantitate the number of photons and then realizable change those into the unlimited grays from nearly white to nearly black, by a CP method. The top of the photon numbers scale is the white out we see with looking at bright lights. Much like that seen with cameras, when the # of photons white out the image. The lower end is the detectability of the dark grays to black, and we know there are very human limits to that. We use CCD’s to detect photons which we cannot otherwise see. Which is what David Malin used to find the Low Surface Brightness Galaxies (LSBG), which our visual telescopes had missed, using lenses and mirrors. And as a result we found over 1 trillions more galaxies. The limits of our eyes had been once more, as in the IR, UV, X-rays, been extended to see MORE of the universe by using those new technologies.
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So, we have again, another Kategoria. which is explainable by S/F relationships.
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3. Brown. This is NOT on the EM spectrum, like white-gray-black scales. And this huge CP disparity creates many, new insights into our understanding of our visual system. We know that by darkening yellow we get browns. By lightening browns we get yellows. In addition, when we combine red/green we also get browns. By adding a bit more red, we get an interesting set of colors which are those of the red hair colors, as well. Auburn, red, light brown, viz. blond, and red-brown. A combination colour set.
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In addition there are the red/green color blindnesses, X-linked recessives. Those persons cannot see red/green. They cannot see which light, or sign is red, or green, tho they can detect the light from those events. The real problem for them were the horizontal signal lights. They could not see if the light lit was red or green, and until the stop lights were standardized, to red on top, then yellow, then green on the bottom, they had lots of trouble driving!!!.Consequently increased driving accidents results (ed).
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But what, we might also ask do they see if not red, or green? And here again are the values of the kategoria of Cx Sys descriptions as first explored vastly and fruitfully by Aristoteles. (The Kategoria of Incompletenesses, for instance.) Or the unlimited, CP driven/created, read, and modified kategoria of our vast hierarchical organizations of knowledge by the many means of doing so, as also discussed before.
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The red/green blind, deuteranopes (as oppsed to normal trichomacity, 3 pigments) see browns. When asked what they see, they say that most people see brown, and so do they. NowTHAT is interesting is not? By CP of normal colour vision with that of R/G blindness, we learn something about brown.
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Have we ever seen a brown light? Not very often, and why not? We see red, yellow, green, orange lights, and blue even violet lights. Why not much brown, by CP?  Brown is thus created by both darkened yellow, and by combining red/green. The two colors cancel each other out, except when there is a bit surplus of red, & we get hair colours by those combinations from auburn, to red/brown, which is then red many cases. Then we get the default colour, Brown. So we learn that in colour blindnesses, brown is a default color. The red/green in normal vision cancels out red/green to give us brown.
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Thus brown gives us insights into how the colour system works. Now, if red/green blindnesses, can see browns, what is going on? Thus in that case it’s a dark yellow. and that accounts for the rarity of brown lighting. In the natural world it’s most often seen in biological sources, such as brown bark, leaves, skin colors, and hair. It’s a special color, because it’s NOT on the spectrum, and for that reason shows us how the color vision works. Just as a genetic disorder compared to the normal, show us good information by that cognitive dissonance, that disparity, that CP, does it not? Info is created.
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We see the trichomy, which is normal color vision. But there is a third, which is also the case.
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Therefore we know the structures of what creates colors, it’s the cones, and when those are deficient, colour blindness is seen, mostly in men. This is a clear cut, S/F relationship.
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Now, we continue, 4. Dayglo, and this is an exceptionally bright color, which is there because of the specific colour pigments, which take UV light and by reducing the energy convert it to green, yellow, orange, red, & blue. So as the normal lighting is bright, the UV addition makes it visibly brighter, and thus more noticeable, There are more photons being created often of specific colours added by UV phtons by this method. Again not seen on the EM spectrum, at all.
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5. is the vast Kategoria of the colour combinations. Those combos are obviously unlimited. And none of those are seen on the EM spectrum, at all! This sort of like playing two or more musical tones, or chords at the same time. That is vision plus, and can be very interesting too. As stated before the complexity of those color combos is easily seen and explored in one place. The paint store methods, which organize the colours & combos by hierarchical means, we call the paint chips. THAT is the most easily found, complete Kategoria of the colours. The EM is a frail, linear, highly incomplete way of observing & understanding colors, is it not? And once again shows us the limits of linear processing, thinking and related maths, logics, and counting, very likely.
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The next is when we combine red with a bit of blue. It makes the color much more intense, and that is often used in lipsticks, and other signs, where the red must stand out, too.
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Next is 6. The Yellow/Green colors. Those are specific frequencies which our color vision creates by combining yellow & green, as orange is created by the combo of red and yellow, Or blue/green by the obvious. But there is green/yellow as a specific frequency of light, which our eyes, in simplicity, create Yellow-green by combining those. But there are depths within depths of this, as also reported in the “Structure…”. The brightest, most photons of light which are created by the sun which get to the surface of the earth, are the Yellow/Greens. And those are the most photons. And around the nearly exact center of frequncies of visible light, this high information content, are the colours. A high sensitivity to the most photons, gives the best visual distinctions, the most efficient way of seeing, because of the number of channels is far, far higher.
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Interestingly enough, as written before, our color vision centers around the brightest, normal light of our sun. Now if we, or another species lives around a more white sun, or a more red to slightly orange sun the colour sensitivities of our visual pigments would shift to the brightest frequencies for that sun. Thus if we humans and our domesticated species move to such a sun, very clearly, over time, our colour sensitivies in our eyes would shift to that new center of the brightest frequencies, would they not? So our colour vision is uniquely tied/directly related to the spectral characteristics of our sun. Which point has NOT been reported or seen before. Yet it’s of considerable importance in understanding our color vision as well as how everything is connected, too.
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Or if the spectral characteristics of our sun change over time time, then our eyes will also dark adapt.
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Yet another Kategoria is what happens if we wear red to pink glasses? The color vision adapts to this and the colours after a while appear to be normal. Also, if we take off those lenses after adaptation, most everything looks green, does it not? Until ti adapts back to the normal settings, for some reason. Another form of this illusion which shows us how the color vision works, is when we look at the so called colour pairs, such as red and green, Blue and Orange. If we concentrate & look at an image of those for a minute, then look at a white page, we see an oppositie visual image, an illusion of the blue where the yellow was &vice versa), and the red where the green was & vice versa! This is due to the visual image wearing out of the colour cones of our eyes, by sort of a light omission by the eyes, which leave the opposite colour, there.
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The last Kategoria is that of the RGB system for creating colours. In fact, it’s more the RYGB method, as playing around with the color buttons of colour TV sets can show. Our eyes create most all the colours from , red, green/yellow, & blue, not by entreating orange, green, and purple of those specifically, but by combining two colours to make a 3rd. Combining pigments does this as well. Taking yellow and mixing with blue, gives green. Yellow plus red give orange. and blue plus green gives blue-green. True with light, pigments, and colour video screens.

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Now Why in heck does this happen? Because colours are not real outside of our brains. The frequncies of light exist for all detectors of same. Brain uses highly efficient methods of detecting light frequencies by dividing them up into colors. For instance, we see the color spectrum divided into the colours every day, at least twice. And most persons do not know this. they see it so often they ignore it by habituation. & it was Newton using his prism spectrum to show the colour bands in the 1600’s, which showed us that the low frequencies were on the red side, and the higher, on the right, blue side. & that the lower frequencies were bent less than the higher, and thus the colour frequencies going through very clear glass prisms had those characteristics. And this, of course, also created the rainbow, too. altho that’s more than the prism spectrum because it creates accessory, reversed rainbow arcs of light when esp. bright sun shines. The other arcs being due to multiple internal reflections very likely due to the photons bouncing about in the roundness of the rain drops.
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But the sunrises and sets are the same. Sunlight is differentially bent by the atmosphere, and creates the deep black, then the deep red, then red, orange, yellow a bit of green and then blue. So our colours are set every day and evening by those, and the clouds and darknesses set the whites to grays to black. Green we see in the plants, commonly and brown often the same, most often. So the colour spectra are set, reinforced in our brains from an early age, as well. But why it took so long to figure out that the normal frequencies of less energy of red light compared to those further along in the spectrum being higher, each than the previous, is NOT figured out by our eyes.  However, the colours are separated out by this sort of detection of higher energies by the rhodopsins which permit color vision in our eyes.
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There are yet more depths within depths in this as well. How is color created by the eyes and is the colour it is? Some for that reason not simply gave it a name, the qualia, which is like assigning planets, winds, water, the sun, a god’s name, and thinking that explains those, but does not!! But by instead we should be using the empirical methods, widely applicable and nearly universal useful, called S/F relationships. Those universal processes create the colours by the means which we know them have been found, so far. Colours are brain creations, & are illusions, hallucinations created by our visual nervous systems, They, like the emotions and touch, hot, cold, tastes, etc., are Not real but internal creations which reflect real characteristics, in fact, both inside and outside of our bodies. Those correspond fairly well, except for the illusions, which show how sensations are created, and are in fact, not real outside of the structures of our brains. But, they DO correspond to more deep, existing events in our universe, which we share with other livings systems.
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If a tree falls in the forest, exposes the deep idealistic fallacy here, does the tree make a sound if no one is there to hear it? Yes, because, we can see the pressure waves which each tree falling creates,k and record them independently of our brains. So, the idealisms fail & fall to the empirical facts. and the animals run from those, falling trees as do we!!!
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This can be done more completely, esp. in terms of pain, which arising largely as a neurokinin, among a few others, with interesting effects. Pleasure is the same, being a chemical consequence of dopamine like Cx Sys events, or mu receptors of the endorphins and mimicked by the opiates. Thus the S/F relationships show something of how they come about. And to interpret more about how the visual system creates the images we see, the visual illusions must be understood better, as those provide insights into how that is done by the brain. Illusions of all kinds are insights into how the brain works by comparison Processing (CP) of information.
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Have discussed this before, but it needs to be stated once again. The pain centers in the brain, as described by the 9-10 sites (Pain matrix)  in the brain which likely mediate pain, are the case. We know where they are by what lights up on the function MRI (fMRI) scans when pain is induced. However, we have only part of the system figured. Sort of like, when we know what the genes DNA structures are, but we do NOT know how many functions or even what functions the genes have. Yet another, S/F relationship, and why about 20% of the genes have resisted figuring out, is yet another problem, too. That can be done by seeing when the genes are abnormal, what happens to what normal functions by CP them. using the contrast from normal, to abnormal genes, we figure our more of how their multiple Cx Sys functions work.
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In the same way, by the S/F relationship of how the brain works, the language centers, the motor, sensory parts, the recognition of faces (FFA of brain, we can thus learn more by a new kind of instrumentation initially inferred from the Praxis, which shows the various kinds of international neurophysical tests, which so far, in a limited way, gives us more info about the senses, and how the brain works, very likely.
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And that, is the magnetic point stimulator. We can use mag stim grossly to block brain activity by depolarizing the brain with a large paddle, or specific nerves with a smaller device. But it’s large sized and give only very large depolarizations, which are not helpful in the parietal, sensory/motor strips, and forth. It’s all depolarized and the specific areas, such as Broca’s cannot be specifically depolarized. But with a point stim, easily created, then we can selectively depolarize tiny spots in the cortex, or deep structures & see what happens, as well, to functions. Thus we are given a CP to what we know occurs in some parts of the brain AND with the mag point stim, we can specifically explore up & down the cortices & find out what functions disappear, or are modified by comparing the two.
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Using this method we can thus vastly improve our knowledge of the S/F relationships of the brain by reading up and down the cortex, where the major functions of high level info are processed;  thus increase by 10,000 times fold our S/F knowledge about how the brain works. For instance use the point stim on each of the pain matrix and see what aspect of pain is temporally abolished. And that will give us a pretty vast improvement of the specifics, of what’s going on, even in the visual processing of info in the visual cortex. This is how to get past the “qualia’ into the far more empirical meaningful, actual S/F events going on in brain. And represents a very real conceptual advance in terms of understanding how our senses (even colours), and emotions are created, modulated, and work, does it not?
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Or the mag stim can be used within the deep matter of the brain because magnetism passes through living matter, easily.
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There are many other subjects in the category of Colours. One is this, the Qualia, so called, of colours. Does that term tell us anything about the origins of colours, created in our nervous system? Of course not. So, like naming the Moon, Selene, the Earth, Gaia, Saturn and the planets after the gods, it tells us nothing of how those work. Empty pagan, deifications, which act as pseudo explanations, and thus are irrelevant to our understanding.
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Jettison the qualia & use the well developed concepts of CP & S/F comparisons. Then look at colour vision and its loss as well. Then at Synesthesias as ways which elucidate those. We know this: There are structures in the retina which create colour coding by frequencies. If those structures are damaged, such as in red/green blindness, we see Brown instead, if so afflicted. If there are no rods, we do not see white, grays unlimited or black either. So the S/F relationship is the key to understanding where the colours come from. The colours are ways of detecting the different frequencies/energies of light. If low, red, if high, the blue to UV, latter of which can be seen by some.
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Thus we have a simple S/F relationship here. The detection of colour means the retina can detect the differences in the frequencies. Thus, detected, colours are assigned which grossly & arbitrarily divide those into colours. This arbitrary designation is a colour standard, which is also used by the eye & visual cortex, and becomes language, as well. We can further divide up red and yellow combos into orange, and red/orange, too. Recall that those colours are the standards by which we name, ID, and detect colours.
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Thus we have internal, retinal/visual cortex standards which can detect AND see colours. So in order to name those, we arbitrarily designate those colours as the ones we use. Thus naming is relativity, to using set, arbitrary words, and which we arbitrarily assign to colours, and then divvy them up repeatedly. The ability of humans too see such vast shadings of colours, is given here. See if you can get at least one correct, perfectly. You have both intact color vision as well as the discrimination to assign gray/purple/red/blue sequence.
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Now, What are the colours? They are a complex system set of events which we see. Red roses, or blood. For that reason Red is very important (as is the metallic, blood taste tongue receptor, which has been ignored), because if we see it on people, we know there’s trouble. So it’s very critical to know that. Also, the red light at dawn & sunset tells us dawn is coming, & Dusk is nigh, too. Red is there for many reasons, & is arbitrarily assigned as Rote, red, Colorado, or rose. The assignation of red is important because of those reasons. The sounds for words we use are arbitrary as well, but stable, set fixed standards of the descriptive epistemology of Einstein, as well. The relativity of colour vision, in fact.
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With THOSE standards set, we then ask the question how does red differ from orange or yellow. Orange is NOT as red, comparatively, either. If the sun is red at sunrise, and sunset, or from ash and much dust/fire smoke, then white turns red. All turns red. Red is indistinguishable from white, as well. Our brains are then fooled. This CP gives us critical info about how we detect and ID red. When the sun is Red, we cannot see that the rose, or blood are red, either, because white in those cases is red too, and many others are as well.
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We see this the same when we look at tree leaves in the sun. Those are green. But when we look at the same tree leaves in Na+ vapour lighting, the leaves can be yellow! Now, what are the colours? They are based upon arbitrary standard of sunlight, which as it’s there all the time during the day, sets the colour standards for us. Thus the arbitrary standard for colours are sunlight.
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If we use Hg Vapor lighting, we do not see much pink or red. The hand appears pale.Greens &  violets/blue are more prominent. Incandescent lighting can afflict colour schemes in interior paints and designs, as well. As the Interior decorators well know!!!
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So, when we see the various frequencies, and the brain does NOT know, that red up the spectrum to blue/vikolet are in terms of frequencies, either. BUT the Photopsins which are colour detecting proteins in the retina, ID the differences in energies, & report those to the visual cortex. It compares redness to those frequencies, and reports those as reds, and then we see red. The same with the other systems. Thus are the colours created by the nervous system.
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 We see red, yellow, green & blues, from which the others are created, by those synthetic means. It combines red and yellow lights or pigments to create oranges. It combines red/green to create brown, or alternatively dark, deep gray yellow to do the same. It takes green/yellow and we see Chartreuse. And then yellow and blue to create Green, as well. & with 4 simple combos, R, Y, G, and Blue  (RGB, simplified), all the rest comes about, does not? And even purple or green/blues are created by this combining process.
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That’s where colours are created in the visual pigmented photopsins, which by their energies, detect the very narrow spectrum of light, because that is the ONLY way to detect which colours are which.  In addition, the visual cortex then uses a CP to arbitrarily create the colours. Exactly how that’s done is not clear, but using THESE S/F means, instead of the useless qualia, we can then figure out just where the sensations of colours come from. And from there, likely infer the rest of the senses of touch, hot, cold,positon & so forth, all within the S/F methods and by using CP which assigns the standards, too.
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That’s how we figure out where colour visions come from. from the structures which are lost, which create red/green, and other kinds of blindnesses. We now have the genes, the structures,and then we need now to find out how those are converted to the functions, that is, the sensations. It’s that simple. When we know WHERE we are going, then we have half the problem solved. Qualia are clearly worthless in clinical neuroscientific terms.
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The value of optical illusions in terms of understanding the visual system’s  geometries (Not euclidean) related to how the much more simple, sensory illusions has already been addressed.
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Notably, when we have 3 large bowls of water, first at 35 F, second & middle at 70 & last at 105, and we put our L & R hands into L, the near freezing water and the right, into the very hot water. We find this. Letting the skin equilateral to near the temps of hot and cold, we take the left and put it into the 70 deg. bowl. It feels rather warm. Then we remove that, put the R into the 70 deg. bowl & it feels cold. That comparison process (CP) shows exactly HOW the nervous systems works in terms of sensations. It’s all CP, from ambient temps of the skin, to the ambient lighting. And this shows us exactly how it’s done. From the 70 F bowl to the hot, it feels hot, from the same bowl to the cold it feels cooler. Same with the hot bowl. Taking the hand from cold, & into the hot, it’s extremely HOT even painful!!!
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Thus the arbitrary CP is the case acting here. using relative skin temps as the standards, we get the impossible hot bowl from the cold hand, and the impossible cold bowl, from the hot hand.
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That is the power of the CP in determining HOW the senses work, by the CP in our sensory, & visual cortices. & pain is largely the same, too!!!
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Now we have to deal with the synesthesias of the senses, & will use the most powerful, oldest system to work on those. What applies and derives from the vision, as it’s the primary, most highly developed sense, will show us what’s going on in the synesthesias of the rest.
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Many persons claim they are seeing emotions associated with colours. How can we possibly detect that? We cannot. however, we do KNOW of a synesthsia which is associated with the emotions. The visual senses can do that. We see a loved one or a friend. A sort of love, euphoria sets in. The affection for friends and loved ones is a visual association, is not? And that is a synesthesia in the commonest, more real sense. And we have those all in common, so it’s highly evidenced, without limits. The same is true for laughter, altho it’s very culturally dependent. But the same verbal jokes, or visual jokes (visual sensory) shticks work in that same way. “Oh, Honey, that’s our song!” has much the same synesthetic qualities, too.
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And when we hear the great Symphonies, and the anthems of our nations, we have that same welling up of emotions, do we not? Thus we are conditioned, by repeating events, to create LTM of those synesthesias, Der Gotterfunken, the Mountain top experiences, the wonderment, at the great waterfalls, and their power. The same of the grand sight of the incomparable Vale of the Yosemite, with 3 of N. Am’s largest waterfalls within view there, at the same time. The wonderment of Glacier Point when seem the 1st time, too.
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This all presaged in, The Explanandum, of the Dopamine boost, which creates the memes, the going viral on the Net, the wonderment, awes, loves, etc.
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Notably at the end, Der Gotterfunken of Beethoven’s magnificent Ninth. But presaged by the DA boost which creates those as above. the S/F relationships of the DA boosts, in short. Most all LTM generated, too.
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Thus then the existing synesthesias of the emotions, or the sadness of the dolorous tones, all of which we are conditioned to have, by social and musical means, are the case.
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Thus we find an understanding of the rarer synesthesias from the more usual, universal ones.
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Those persons have cross wired certain stimuli into having visual, colour outputs. The system is creating colours to correspond (CP), roughly, because those have been conditioned by events. They are rare, and they are NOT very valuable, either. But those explain the synesthesias, rather well, at least mostly.
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the issues of Tetrachomacity where person do have 4 color receptors in the eyes is the case. it’s very rare, but they can see colours which we cannot, either, very likely. And that’s easily testable using color comparisons, where they can distinguish many colours we cannot see.
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 The Fatal, Empirical Flaws of the Socialisms

 The Fatal, Empirical Flaws of the Socialisms
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By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2020
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The basic problems are that of the visible outcomes of the Socialisms. IN every case it damaged the economies, the political system, and provided a concentration of money & power which then corrupts & damaged the society in most all areas. The concentration of money &  power creates embezzlements (Biden, Hillarious, Pelosi in Ukraine shenanigans), and then dictatorships, which further ruin the nations, as seen in all over post colonial Africa, Zimbab being the most obvious, highly the case in point!. The  Soviet Leninistas, Maoisms, Pol Pot, VN, & currently the worst case, MADuro in Venezuela, are yet further, empirical evidences of the destructivenesses of socialismos.

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Socialism demoralizes &  impoverishes a society, as Lord Thatcher so wisely saw. The 40-60% (or more) of the economy taken up by socialisms creates waste and bad investments of those monies, which should for efficient reasons be invested in solid markets, performing investments. By stark contrast, the socialistic systems are terribly inefficient, and when the troubles start, they fail and fall. At the end of the USSR, their economic outputs, goods &services were about 25% as efficient as ours, & were no longer growing. So they collapsed. Innovations were also sadly lacking there, too.
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It’s Efficiencies which drive the markets, stated Adam Smith so wisely 240 years ago. & efficiencies are the physics of thermodynamics. To get an economy growing & jump started requires major increases in efficiencies. Otherwise, as Whitehead presciently stated, “ANY society which cannot break out of its current ways of doing things, after a limited period of growth, is doomed to stagnation. That is the S-curve of growth, and it’s ubiquitous in economies.
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S-curves of growth, here:
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LE likely source of growth, development, market processes, and evolution.
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The innovations & forced modernizations of the markets in Chung Hua by Deng Xiao Ping created that, and now they are at no growth, as they are at the top of the S-curves. Japan did the same. The inability of the social democrats to create growth is the same. Shier economies are hobbled by government size & thus waste. Or as the East Asians state, “Socialism is the European disease.”
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As Jefferson so wisely stated, 240 years ago, “The Best government is the Least government.” That is, the most efficient, ThermoDynamic systems, which can grow and win. Socialisms thus are in violation of LE, growth system rules, and must fail in the long run. Always. And THOSE are the empirical outcomes we see.most always with Socialisms. A modest amount of poison, in the long run, is just as fatal as the Soviet system.
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The problems are the idealisms of Pythagoras, Platonism, and Hegelianisms, which underlay Marxisms & National Socialism. They are like the Scholasticists of Galileo’s time, Idealistic and Mind Trapped. They were/are resolutely apposed to testing and checking their beliefs against events in existence. They do NOT empirically check and test Outcomes, which drive creation of new information & methods. & they will not. They will not look in his telescope, nor see the two metal spheres, the small and the lighter, hitting the ground at the same Time, thus refuting Aristoteles.  Thos. Kuhn, “The Structure of Sci. Revolutions.”
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Instead, the incentives of concentration of money and power create the temporary growth & then they decline and lose. That kind of temporary growth, then collapse is most always seen with idealisms (Nazis & Marxism/Leninisms), because they cannot see outside of their Mind Traps. They are old, fossilized, set in their ways (Bernie Sanders, stroke, brain damaged, as well ) and in the “incentive traps”, economically, politically and socially so well described by Hernando Desoto in “The Other Paths” and the economic, political incentive traps of Davidson and Lord Moog-Reese. They cannot escape their eventual failures and collapses.
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The Mind Traps here.
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& by ignoring the rules of physics those societies cannot “Break OUT: ( & my work shows many of these), then they are doomed to stagnation and then strangulation after a limited period of growth. Least energy, least energy, LE Rules in this universe.  Everywhere, observably, Least energy drives most all testable processes in our universe.
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LE likely source of growth, development, market processes, and evolution.
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And that’s why Sanders, Hillarious, & all the rest of the socialistas, including Obama, have failed and will continue to fail. We cannot win against the laws of physics which rule all processes most everywhere in our observable universe, including economics. No one can.
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And why Trump will be resoundingly successful, because as a good,  solidly trained & experienced engineer, he believes in outcomes, in results, and will not ignore; and then will avoid the perils & pitfalls of socialisms of all forms Those  MUST necessarily fail through out out our world, and the universe itself. That’s how it is. It’s simple, direct & very likely the case.
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  “I don’t believe in ideologies. I believe in outcomes.” –Prez  Donald Trump, the Architect,  Builder, & Engineer, speaking.
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Socialistas Cannot see they are in violation of the universal rules. They refuse to see it. And they cannot easily change, either. The mind Traps are too strong for them to break out of, and as a result, they must therefore, mightily fail. Like the USSR, Maoist Chung Hua, Zimbab, Pol Pot, and now Maduro, where collapse is imminent, too.
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And that’s the way it is, universally. So Trump & those promoting efficient, small governments win. While the socialistas find themselves on the ash heaps of history. Lacking insight, and being clueless, they crash and burn. & that’s what’s going on, largely.
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Sail with the tides of efficiencies, and good investments of monies, instead of wasteful government spending, & win. Privatize, cut spending & worthless government jobs. Otherwise, stagnate, fail, and often, fatally collapse. That’s how the Universe of events works, with our scientific, political, empirical correctors being applied.

Our Eyes Cannot See Our Eyes: The MindTraps

Our Eyes Cannot See Our Eyes.  The Mindtraps.
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By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison
Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2020
“Oh, that we could see ourselves as others see us.”  –Robert Burns, Noted Scot Poet.
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Almost anything which jogs us out of our current abstractions is a good thing.” —Alfred Whitehead
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It’s become clear from many stand points that human beings suffer from a multiplicity of “mind traps”, that is, they engage in stable behaviors that prevent themselves from growing and developing. Sometimes in modest ways, and as in the addictions, and personality disorders, very destructive at times.
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This is an ancient pattern, and is easily confirmed by seeing the real,  unlimited examples of it. But on the other hand, there are as well, many, many nearly unlimited ways, specifically of escaping from those minds traps, too.
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In the field of psychology/psychiatry we see those in many ways. At first, it’s the lack of understanding which children have of what’s going on around them. Their experiences, information and abilities to process information make them “act like children”. As Freud most notable wrote, they can’t escape from their regressive behaviors, often even as adults. Around 12-14 years most children, by Piaget’s copious notes & confirming examples,  begin to logically process and reason events around them. But how is this done?
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We know that dements cannot see they are demented. We know that the personality disorders often do not realize, or have lack insight, or in popular terms, “are clueless” to the facts they are clueless. They do NOT know that they do not know. IOW, they are ignorant of their ignorance, either deliberately, by denials, apologetics, unlimited excuses, rationalizations and usually, logical fallacies without limit.  The same is true of the ‘woo-woo persons’ who are enmeshed in their credulous superstitions, astrology, numerology, and various other forms of “spells”, witchcraft beliefs and so forth. These are most all the mindtraps.
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Economically, Davidson and Moog-Reese discuss the “incentive traps” of many political & economic systems, which cannot reform. Hernando DeSoto in “The Other Path” discusses at length the traps of mercantilism and its bad outcomes.
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In the current era, the egregious mistake of Marxisms and it’s multiplicit failures among them social, political & largely economic, which are blatant. Not to ignore those of socialisms as well.
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In the sciences, they ignore the wisdom of Feyerabend, who pointed out that as a human creation, there are  not likely any true absolute, objective means working in the science. They are just as liable to human foibles as any other field in which humans work. Which is taken directly from Einstein who stated as did Protagoras, that because standards and conventions are used, those cannot be absolute or final, viz. there is no absolute space or time, either with measuring OR our descriptions of events. We cannot create perfection because our standards are not perfect, either. Garbage in, GO!! The comparison processes which create relativity of measurement standards/limits are very likely the case.
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The huge confirmability crisis of the sciences where in documentably for the last some 40 years, unconfirmable, that is junk science. Now it makes up the majority of the vast numbers of articles in the hard sciences, & ever so much more so in the confirmability crisis in psych and social studies, as well.
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The minds traps of the manias and psychoses are readily, confirmably apparent. Those of the many kinds of personality disorders as well, without limit. They cannot see “Outside of their minds” The mind traps of the idealisms, the Platonism, the “Mind centered” beliefs, are also egregious. Or as Dr. Lewis Thomas so keenly saw & wrote, “The introspective philosophies failed because they looked into the mind for answers and there wasn’t that much there.” To which the egregiously apparent “logical Fallacy of Idealism” is apparent.
The Eyes cannot see the eyes, is yet another. We cannot easily see ourselves as others see us, because we have eyes which cannot see ourselves, completely. Even if we use mirrors, the images are reversed and thus not quite true. Only with video tapes can we partially fix this problem, but people act differently when being video’d, compared to candid, hidden video making. IOW, Candid Cameras! Actors also make use of that to more readily act in believable, entertaining ways. They know professionally what is good acting, and what likely doesn’t seem real and loses their audiences. To some extent they can see themselves, judging however imperfectly from what they see and are told by their audiences.
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The Idealistic Fallacy is that the brain outputs are merely believed, falsely to be THE whole truth, while the events in existence which they attempt to be superior to, are in fact the higher standards. Thusly mind trapped, they cannot see their ways out of their logical incompletenesses of maths, logics, and so forth. & Godel quite clearly showed with his Incompleteness Theorem, AKA the euphemistic, Godel’s Proof. Logic cannot be logically used. It always falls short, altho it occasionally succeeds.
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Or as Schopenhauer, with almost Kafka-esque credulity and absurdity wrote, “The World is My Idea.” Again, not even realizing his vast, empirically invalidated, testably provable mindtrap, so characteristic of Hegel, Kant, and many others.
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Galileo ran into these Scholasticist mind traps, which had him under house arrest for 20 years. & effectively delayed the modern sciences for generations. The idealist, Platonist scholasticists were mind trapped, and thus revealed that Idealisms are inately anti-scientific, anti-empirical and thus oppose and are not consistent with empirical testing and checking. Which largely shows that as well. They would not even look into his telescope, NOR watch as the two metal balls of different sizes struck the ground at the same time. Thus empirically invalidated forever, confirmably, the absurdities of Aristoteles’ idealisms.
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That the 19th C. Physicists also fell into a  mind trap to believe that physics was complete, and then they were hit with x-rays, gamma rays and IR; and then radioactivity. & then at last QM which showed that the best model  so far found, showed that the universe on a most basic level was NOT certain, but stochastic and probabilistic, from which macroscopic events emerged, giving the merest “illusion” of deterministic, certainty. & the Heisenberg Uncertainty principle showed so clearly, as well.
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There are many mind traps, as shown above, and fortunately the ways out of them are legion as well.  They are in short, the sciences, which are self correcting, despite the mind traps they fall into and are still inside them This is because events in existence will correct our misbeliefs as long as we realize, as did Lincoln, that the Big Pot, the Universe, does NOT go into the Littler Pot, our miniscule crania!!! We so massively over-simplify and ignore almost everything, as anyone who’s walked around on any kind of field trip, so readily knows.
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Count the number of unknown stars, positions, motions, compositions and the unlimited number of those in our galaxy alone, PLUS all the other bodies the stars are bound to gravitationally, & are beyond all human comprehension.  Then as the LSB galaxies showed, there are about 1 trillion OTHER galaxies to be categorized and studied. Thus, incompleteness of our physics models (Feynman, Bell, Hawking in “The Grand Design”) and the lack of a good “unified model” are also egregious examples of that we do not know that we do not know.
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Or as JBS Haldane put it, “The universe is not only queerer than we suppose, but stranger than we CAN imagine.”
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All of these show the limits to knowledge created by our inadequate concepts, and methods. The incompleteness which has a hugely important basis in thermodynamics, as embodied in Shannon’s methods, as well.
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Kategoria of the Incompletenesses,to use Aristoteles’ methods to discredit him.
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Incompleteness of physics, as Feynman stated, that QM cannot generate biology at all. Fortunately a lot of this is being dispelled and dealt with using least energy methods, comparison process, structure/function relationships and complex systems models, which tho clearly not complete as much, are often much better in describing and creating new information to get out of those mindtraps of logic, idealisms, Taoistic solipsism, and much else, besides.
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The sciences, using a comparisons testing form of Leon Festinger, the “cognitive dissonances” that is the disparities, between what we expect to see (in sciences, from our models), versus what we likely do in fact see, is the case. But for the Kuhnian stated “8 minutes of arc error”, Kepler’s cognitive dissonance, he could have accepted the Copernican circular orbit model. Which led to Newtonian orbital methods for the limited N=2 conditions. Sadly, the solar systems are mostly N=/>3 systems & are the case and Newton was incomplete. For which Einstein did create more completeness, but just. And Hawking showed that TD, Newtonian/relativity physics and QM were all not complete nor consistent, once again in his “Grand Design” from the first page.
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These are the puzzles, and problems. How the finding of only 1/3 of the expected solar neutrinos, or how the finding of vast amounts of Dark Matters/Energies(plural), showed the inadequacy of the models. Yet more dissonances, disparities, which create the new physics coming of complex systems, Least energy driven models, and the unlimited numbers of methods/techniques & devices/technologies those will likely create. & Shows yet one more way outside of the traps.
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Cx Sys of 2nd law, here.
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The Hindus also knew this. Try to escape the endless wheels, cycles of birth, life and death, and they sadly, failed, having dealt with it using the idealistic mindTraps, only to fail. The same with most all of our methods to date, and today.
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But as Einstein wrote, the ” Lord God is subtle, but he is not mean.” shows that there are MANY ways out of those endlessly confining, least energy driven mind traps, as well.
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Education is a good way, because it shows the limits of our knowledge &  created the information to improve and make more complete our understanding. Similarly, there is “no royal road to geometry.” as Archimedes told the Kind of Syracusa. IOW, we MUST do the work to find the standards and conventions by which we do the work to create new information about the “relationships among Events”, which as Einstein showed (Physics and Reality, 1936) creates new understandings.
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And that’s how we escape the mindtraps. To realize that we ARE in them mostly, and that the ways out are the comparison of events in existence with our puny, limited, incomplete models of same. But we MUST realize, from the first, as the addicts must, as the personality disorders do, as the idealists of political, philosophical and religious types must learn in whatever way possible, that those are mindtraps. and there are many ways out of them, too.
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The conversion of St. Paul on the road to Damascus was an egregious example of religious conversion through a clear cut nervous breakdown. & often that’s necessary. He was killing people, for religion. It was very wrong, and it finally broke him. When he began to heal, he became the very person he’d been attacking and murdering. & thus came his conversion. The conversion of St. Paul was the same as it’s been for many, many cultures and individuals. Our of crisis comes growth necessary for survival, even success. That of many persons works the same way. Most of us know some very bad persons in their teens, who “got religion” and became ministers and related, to escape from their immoral traps, as well. And the Elmer Gantries among others, who are still trapped in their religious traps, and cannot escape, either.
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The Egosyntonic effects not well understood before, are, like going viral on the Net, how songs and jokes spread, and how Memes of Dawkins are created and work, are further examples. Egosyntonic is a powerful insight into the personality disorders. Those are clearly dopamine driven, and rewarded, because every time, for instance, the narcissist criticizes others, he reinforces his own beliefs, and gets that DA release thrill. The narcissisms, of the anti-social personality disorders are of the same. And unless that egosyntonic boost, underlying fads and fashions as well, are KO’d by an appropriate blockers to the DA “pleasure principle”, then they will go on and on, self-reinforcing themselves, becoming hard wired, and thus nearly inescapable, very hard to treat as such.
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This at once suggests how to deal with such fads and fashions of the brain. Block the DA reinforcing behaviors. Train them out of such mind traps. Who would willing block something that makes them feel good? Few can resist than kind of built in addiction to DA release. As has been written about before.
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The work of Whitehead & how to get out of traps by “breaking out of our current abstractions”, both social and personal is critical here.
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Many persons enter the ministry to control their immoral impulses. Many antisocial persons enter police forces, and again manifest this “reaction formation” to control their tendencies & it does to some extent, work But not always. And the pyromaniacs who rise to  high positions in the fire department also show this, as well.  So there are many ways out to control such impulses, tho those do not always work.
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In the same ways, our methods of treatments are limited, as well. We treat diseases with meds often with only about 50-70% efficiencies. IOW, no matter what we use, the depressions, the pain, the migraines, the blood pressure problems and even the cancer therapies are NOT completely treated.. And that shows the means to improve. As in how to make sildenafil 50 mg. last for upwards of 3 days, instead of the usual, 4-6 hours, using Cx Sys methods.
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The new complex system pharmacologies, however, are MUCH more complete and effective. Dealing with 90% or more of migraines; eliminating virtually most all drug resistances among micro-organisms, for the foreseeable future. and while not totally complete, because no perfect heat engines are possible, they are much much better than those before them.
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Please Peruse 1/3 of the way down to combo Chemistries to deal with antibiotic resistances.
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It’s solid, it’s doable and creates almost unlimited triple Tx’s to block most all resistances for 8-12 years, until those stop working. Creating a vast sorting problem for the ESKAPE bacteria and others. And then we have millions of other antibiotics to throw at them in triple, Cx Sys fashion. Unlimited, but not quite, treatments for resistance to antibiotics in a nutshell. AND doable, today!!!
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Thus the methods of conversion used by DA work, if properly used. Joy is a great means to deal with this. Freud means joy and in fact, his pleasure principle is yet another expression of the effectiveness, but not complete, of psychoanalytical methods. In psych, the practitioners try to “give insight” to get their patients out of their mind traps, in short. and when that succeeds, it works. but still, it’s not complete. But there are many many ways to escape from the traps. the first &  foremost must be to admit that we are mind trapped and then find the multiplicities of ways out of it. ( “I’m an Alcoholic” is the first Step!) And those DO exist, both known and those yet in their vast multiplicity of methods which can be found. The best way to learn is  to “never stop learning” and realize that for us, learning is possible and endless. As is growth & advancement for ourselves, our families and our societies, world wide. We have ONLY to realize we are mind trapped and then break out to the new worlds possible, likely without limits for our tiny brains in such a vast, unlimited universe of events. That’s the promise of these methods.
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Thus our solutions we have within us, and are also found outside of us, as well. There are no limits to them, either. because our minds/brain are so small and the universe of events is so hugely complicated, complex and capable beyond our imaginings, to once again quote Haldane.
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There are no limits to our methods, therefore. All we need to do is to recognize the traps of least energy we find lotuses, in, supply the needed activation energies to escape those, and then to move upwards and onwards.
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Seek and you will find. Ask and it will be given to you. Cast your nets Widely, not limiting your beliefs to what you know, or wish to know. Stop denying the great lies & self deceptions which mindtrapped persons use most all times. Stop the excuse, the rationalizations of the dements, and those mindtrapped. Escape. Find the red light “Exit” signs which are all over the place, if we will but look, and take that First Step.
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As “Auntie Mame” said. “The world’s a banquet and most poor sods are starving to death.” She was right.

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The means are many. but we must admit we are wrong, incomplete & must learn and create more to escape. & then we enable ourselves to escape those self induced, self ignored, self damaging mindtraps, and find out ways out by devising new navigations & methods.
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I once was lost but now am found. Because we used better methods, navigational tools/standards to find out where we were & how to get out of the problems of our ages. The egosyntonic narcissisms, which trap us, into doing the same things over and over again.  The repetitions of the OCD patients, who cannot get out of their mind traps (the Myth of Sysiphus), are simply more of the same. Again, the confirmations of those mindtrap states are vast and the ways out just as unlimited, in most cases.
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Brain hardwiring is yet another. The behaviors stabilize after about age 20 or so. We cannot diagnose reliably personality disorders until after the ages of 16 or so. when such stabilizations occur. If we cannot “jog ourselves out of our current abstractions”, as Whitehead stated, we can make no any progress. or at Jeffersons stated, “I hold that a little rebellion now and then to be a good thing.” is the case!!!
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Or as Whit head states, showing how verbal descriptions can lead to the mathematics forms, any society which cannot break out of its current abstractions, after a limited period of growth, is doomed to stagnation. That is, the S-curve of growth, is not?  & that shows yet another of the vast confirmations of what’s going on with individual in the mindtraps, and socialites, as a whole, including the sciences of today.
The vast hardwirings of the elderly, who fossilized with dendritic and synaptic hardwiring in their LTM cannot learn, change or develop. Plus this mighty factor, persons today are living TWICE as long as they did 100 eyars ago, thus worsening the problem of “breaking out of our current abstractions”. As Planck said, “Progress in PHysics comes one funeral at a time.”  A general processor for most all fields.
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And thus the problems of modern societies, esp. the highly developed. Why should they change when they will retire shortly and why learn anything new, which they will not benefit from. Indeed, if the patents expire, or the methods change, they will lose what they have gained. So why change? Thus the least energy traps them [physically, mentally, socially, technological & economically. & they do not see the larger picture. They are mind trapped, is not?
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Thus these are the ways out, and even when some figure out magnetic stim and ibogaine, they will then learn HOW to escape the mind traps, better. and why, and how those methods, such as ECT and IST do work and quite quite well, in fact. Though they are burdened for now with terrible side effects. Which MagStim coupled with light doses of tested meds, will likely work far, far better.
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This is the way to the New World. and it’s coming, inevitably as the 2nd Law creates growth and change in our universe, observably and truly over billions of years time and spaces of billions of Light years, and all spaces in between.
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And these are but a few of the ways to escape the limits of “this mortal coil”. Or Sysiphus’ fate.

 

 

 

Four, Short Creative Insight Articles

 

By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2020
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 Lactose  Facts  

 

.Lactose means milk sugar, coming from the word Galactos in Greek, meaning the Milky Way, from where we get the words, Galaxy & Galactic.

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What happens is that babes need to be able to digest mother’s milk. AFter the child is weaned, it is no longer needed, and efficiently is turned off. Which is why we don’t know about 20% of the genes’ functions, as they are turned off even before birth, needed for embryogenic development of the body, and NOT used after birth.

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So, as milk became more and more used (by the Euros) and notably by the Mongols who drank the milk from their main transportation, pony mares, the ability to digest milk gave ONE more environmental nutrient to avoid starvation and improve nutrition.

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Milk, like eggs, is VERY bioavailable, meaning, it’s very, very well absorbed almost in toto, whereas plant foods are locky to be 30-40% absorbable. Their bioavailability is very low. Milk is VERY efficiently absorbed, thus a highly efficient, thermodynamically useful nutrient.

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And the taste we have for milk, the umami taste is also there to detect and taste milk, among other things, such as meat.

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Also the taste of blood (coppery, metallic taste) is discrete as well, but not well recognized, as yet an EIGHTH sens of taste, as umami was the 7th.

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Thus, it became a very highly evolutionary advantage to be able to keep that gene on, and drink milk throughout life, as in most Euro cultures. This is not often done in East Asia, where there is a lot of lactose intolerance.

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It’s an evolutionary advantage, to help nutrition AND survive famines, because it creates another large source of foods, namely, cow milk. Tho horse milk and other kinds are also used, as is goat milk.

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That’s what’s going on. Largely. The “Rest of the Story” to honor Paul Harvey, as well.

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AND, “Evolution in Action”, to quote the great Seer, and sci-fi writer, Larry Niven.

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———

Follies & Bad Planning in Building Nuke Reactors on the West Coast

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Wrote about this here years ago. regarding Bodega Head State Park. The huge hole in the sand is still there, dug out while the engineers were being told & reminded that a nuke on a Sand Andreas fault is “Fawlty” engineering.

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We got San Onofre shut down over the same problem. The local yokel utility stated No faults around. Yes, there is and was. The southern end of the Newport-Inglewood fault. Created a 6.4 Mag. , very damaging quake in Long Beach in the 1933, killing about 115 people. Which the SoCal Utilities  ignored/denied of course.

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Took bad plumbing with many 1000’s errors by a Nihon Corp which was replacing those, to get it finally shut down.

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Sayonara “Two Tits on the Beach”!!!!

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Justice and rational, geological planning won out.

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To quote Freud, “Reason is not a strong voice, but it’s a persistent one and ALWAYS gets a hearing.”

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Today there is STILL a nuke reactor on a fault. It’s the one just north of Vallejo, built near the Hayward fault, which is capable of very damaging quakes.

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That’s the next one to get KO’d. Then we go after the ancient, should have been decommissioned, Experimental reactor in the old McClellan AFB, NE Suburbs of Sacto.

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Those are the two targets to take care of next, and finally.

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Plus clean up of the Sta. Susanna Field, 10 nuke reactor sites (THREE of which blew) inside the LA city limits. Yikes!!!

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Susana_Field_Laboratory

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Found!! The Likely Crash Site of MH370.

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https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/19/the-likely-indian-ocean-so-equatorial-current-crash-sites-for-mh370/

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The location of highly probable as well as certain crash debris follow a very interesting pattern. Viz., the known, well established South Equatorial Current in the Indian Ocean.

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Comparing the debris finds on Reunion, Mauritius, and another shoal Isle, And the sites on the NE and SE coasts of Madagascar, where the SEqC splits, PLUS finds where that current impacts the East African coast, is rather clear cut.

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Thus, in an area, likely some 100’s of miles EAST of Mauritius, south of the equator in the SEqC, as shown on the detailed Wiki map, locates the likely crash region of that jet, MH370.

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The debris data are robust, and the currents of the SEqC flow are known. And they fit like a glove.

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And the model can be tested by using RF tagged buoys and other highly durable floating objects, where they will be found over time on just those areas where debris was found, over time, if released in the SEqC at a site near to where MH370 crashed.

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Further if the debris field is too wide, then the site of release of the buoys needs to be closer to Reunion. If too tight, then further away.

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The article shows both the maps of the debris finds, as well as the SEqC for comparisons.

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A  New, Working Model to Predict The Size of Future Sunspot Cycles More Quickly

14 Jan. 2020

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First of all, go to SILSO, and look at the Central chart labelled on the Home page: “Sunspot number series: latest update”.

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Now enlarge the image by clicking on it, then compare and contrast the current sunspot cycle minimum, which is VERY clearly now reaching a minimum, to the one in the 2008-2010 interval at the end of cycle 23.

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If we subtract out the 10-30 SN number from the current data, to make it close to the historical, visible sunspot data, we see that the current sunspot minimum has been going on since about 2-3 months around 1 Jan. 2018.

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Now, and this is the critical comparison which creates the interesting new information. If we measure out in time around the Jan. 2008 time, as the time when the minimum of cycle 23 began, and compare that to when it began to rise out of the minimum, when the current cycle 24 began, Make a visual inspection.

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TWO years later, almost exactly, Cycle 24 had begun, Clearly.

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NOW, here’s the juicy part. Add those SAME two years to the current end, minimum of cycle 24, and we get about 3 months more, until the cycle #25 should begin. If it’s the same intensity as cycle 24.

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And that’s interesting because of a simple, single point made. They are predicting and continuing to predict it will come out every time, earlier on the upper red dashed curve, and then moving that further out in time, when it’s clearly wrong.

.

So, we have this conundrum. We should see by the End of 2019, and by early 2012, if the two cycles (24 & 25) are the same, as is being predicted by many models, then cycle 25 needs to start there.

.

NOW, comes the cool finding. IF the sunspot cycles, substantially, we see a much longer gap between them compared from cycle 23 to 24. And if we see a further lengthening time, before cycle 25, then it means that cycle 25 is likely to be longer, AND of less amplitude.

.

This means, clearly, that if by spring 2020, that Cycle 25 has NOT begun, that it will likely be of less intensity than cycle 24, AND the earth will cool.

.

Strictly, however, but without this key insights of comparing cycle intensities, minima lengths & sizes with the size of the minima gaps, we can predict more likelihood what the cycles will rise to. It takes 2-3 years to get a 95% likelihood what the peak time & intensity of a cycle is, using current, traditional methods &  predictors.

.

However, this method, if valid, will give a value much, much faster than that. And if Cycle 25 is delayed to Fall, as some models predict, then cycle 25 will likely be much smaller than 24.

.

And THAT dear friends, means cooler weather in the coming years, and Zharkova was right. Years before it can be found by averaging methods NOT yet applied scientifically nor confirmed for a declining sunspot cycle. The two methods are NOT strictly applicable:  Rising sunspot cycles & failing, Falling cycles.

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This is what’s going on. We might well know there’s cooling coming, therefore, within a 6-12 month time, well before the usual stats.

.

I apology for the detail in all of this. But it’s important to make the case, logically, evidentiarily, and clearly.

.

We will know by mid summer to fall of 2020 if the Cycle 25 will be Significantly weaker than 24, likely.

.

Just in time for the election, too!!!

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Time will tell if this hypothesis is correct.

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The Power of & Great Age of Human Predictions/Prophecies

By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2019

The Power of & Great Age of Human Predictions/Prophecies

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Too bad you miss the deep truths found in many ancient writings. As the Greek myth of Cassandra clearly showed.

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She was given the power of prophecy by a god, because of her piety. So was Alexandros (Paris), her brother. But the other gods were aghast. That’s too much power for humans. So they created a curse, to mitigate that Power of prediction (the power of sciences, as well.).

.

Sure they would be prophets, able to predict some of the future, but they would NOT be believed!!! And thus do the old Greeks give us a deep insight into human psychologies, which we can date to the time of the Trojan War, and since, about 1250 BC, even to these days.

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“Beware the Greeks Bearing Gifts!!!'”And she was NOT believed, by people, and Troia fell, as did the house of Priam. Altho we know from archeology it was partly repaired, but the stuffings had been KO’d out of it.

.

So, we take that huge psych insight, and bring it up to today. Have consistently seen that seers are NOT believed, as it’s happened to me quite some many times. IF you used the Rezulin for AODM, then beware, it’s off market in the UK for serious chemical hepatitis and deaths. Front page, left column, WSJ!!! But FDA intro’d it into the US totally without disclaimers about 2 weeks later. I repeatedly warned them of same, lethal chemical hepatitis. and was ignored!!!

.

A prophet is without honor even in his own land, his own city, or his own family. And what happened?

.

Don’t use new FDA drugs for at least 2 years until we can see they are safe, I’d been telling most in the early 1990’s. Predictions and prophecy. Even 1 doctor, who should know better continued it on himself.

.

And after about 2.5 years, FDA withdrew it, for, You guessed it, very clear, chemical hepatitides AND deaths of liver failure. Exactly as I’d been saying for almost 3 years!!!

.

The chief Endocrinologist at the large city in Cali where I worked, stated, then, “I will never use a new drug from the FDA until after at least 2-3 years!!!”

.

Quoting me exactly. For the last several years.

.

So, contrary to your extremist, denialists beliefs, somethings do not change from the times of the Trojan War, to the time of Jeshua Ben Yosef to the present day. People believe what they want to believe, & Seers & prophets are NOT believed!!!. And of those persons I’d warned repeatedly, NONE EVER admitted in retrospect, that I was right, either.

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So, NOT a universal psycho-social truth? Hah! IN a pig’s eye. And have doing that for 50 years.

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The future in some times and ways IS predictable to we humans. It’s built into our brains/minds. That’s a very, very ancient truth from the Ancient Achaean and classical Greek myths of Homer to the words of Jeshua Ben Yosef to even today. And it’s denied even after it’s occurred, too.

.

That means some traits very human, which we have, Are NOT changed in millennia, and that kind of stability of emotions is extraordinary, But quite real!!!

.

Did the same with the stock market crash in 2000, simply by viewing 2 front page cover articles in the Economist, with 1 image of the stock market bubble balloon, hitting the Statue of Liberty’s hand holding up the flame, and the air leaking out. And the 2nd one? The image of Alan Greenspan looking scared to death caught inside a big Soap Bubble, named, “Stock markets”.

.

Then it collapsed falling from 2400 to about 700 and from 12K to about 7 K in spring 2000. Not a single one of those I’d told that too, ever admitted I’d been right. Except for a fine surg Tech, Mark. He looked at the Economist articles, sold off any stocks he’d not made money on, and of those he’d made money on, put a 7% stock market fall, SeLL Order on. And saved $50K for his kid’s schooling. Bright guy, and He thanked me only 1 of all of them.

.

The one doc’s wife said, The stock markets can’t fall. we have our pension money in stocks. Said, I to here, Hey, how can i be overdrawn? I’ve still got Checks!!! Another docs said, “No one can predict the future.” Told him the English with 400 years of stock market collapses, could and had. Never heard from him even after the collapse that spring, either.

.

Give predictions, be a seer, and you’ll be believed? In a pig’s eye!!!

.

We got a LOT to learn about the ancient wisdom, is clearly the case. They were not fools, & the other, numerous, very clear, nearly universal processors of info, (Separate the Wheat from the Chaff!), in the ancient works is startlingly clear as well.

.

I’ve done that since age 16, too. And told people very clearly, if Trump wanted to be Prez, and he had the fire in his belly to run for it, He’d be Prez. I didn’t vote for him, but only my br. in law, mentioned I’d been right. The rest were, well, being human, all too human!!! For the Last 3270 Years!!

.

We see what happened in 2016, and may the forces of good help us!!!

Table of Contents

1. The Comparison Process, Introduction, Pt. 1
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/02/14/le-chanson-sans-fin-the-comparison-process-introduction/?relatedposts_hit=1&relatedposts_origin=22&relatedposts_position=0

2. The Comparison Process, Introduction, Pt. 2
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/02/14/le-chanson-sans-fin-the-comparison-process-pt-2/?relatedposts_hit=1&relatedposts_origin=3&relatedposts_position=1

3. The Comparison Process, Introduction, Pt. 3
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/02/15/le-chanson-sans-fin-the-comparison-process-pt-3/?relatedposts_hit=1&relatedposts_origin=7&relatedposts_position=0

3A.. Extensions & Applications, parts 1 & 2.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/05/17/extensions-applications-pts-1-2/

4. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 1
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/02/28/the-comparison-process-explananda-pt-1/

5. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 2
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/02/28/the-comparison-process-explananda-pt-2/

6. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 3
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/04/comparison-process-explananda-pt-3/?relatedposts_hit=1&relatedposts_origin=17&relatedposts_position=1

7. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 4
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/15/the-comparison-process-comp-explananda-4/?relatedposts_hit=1&relatedposts_origin=38&relatedposts_position=0

8. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 5: Cosmology
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/15/cosmology-and-the-comparison-process-comp-explananda-5/

9. AI and the Comparison Process
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/20/artificial-intelligence-ai-and-the-comparison-process-comp/

10. Optical and Sensory Illusions, Creativity and the Comparison Process (COMP)
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/03/06/opticalsensory-illusions-creativity-the-comp/

11. The Emotional Continuum: Exploring Emotions with the Comparison Process
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/02/the-emotional-continuum-exploring-emotions/

12. Depths within Depths: the Nested Great Mysteries
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/14/depths-within-depths-the-nested-great-mysteries/

13. Language/Math, Description/Measurement, Least Energy Principle and AI
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/09/languagemath-descriptionmeasurement-least-energy-principle-and-ai/

14. The Continua, Yin/Yang, Dualities; Creativity and Prediction
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/21/the-continua-yinyang-dualities-creativity-and-prediction/

15. Empirical Introspection and the Comparison Process
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/24/81/

16. The Spark of Life and the Soul of Wit
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/04/30/the-spark-of-life-and-the-soul-of-wit/

17. The Praxis: Use of Cortical Evoked Responses (CER), functional MRI (fMRI), Magnetic Electroencephalography (MEG), and Magnetic Stimulation of brain (MagStim) to investigate recognition, creativity and the Comparison Process

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/05/16/the-praxis/

18. A Field Trip into the Mind

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/05/21/106/

19. Complex Systems, Boundary Events and Hierarchies

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/06/11/complex-systems-boundary-events-and-hierarchies/

20. The Relativity of the Cortex: The Mind/Brain Interface

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/07/02/the-relativity-of-the-cortex-the-mindbrain-interface/

21. How to Cure Diabetes (AODM type 2)
https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/07/18/how-to-cure-diabetes-aodm-2/

22. Dealing with Sociopaths, Terrorists and Riots

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/08/12/dealing-with-sociopaths-terrorists-and-riots/

23. Beyond the Absolute: The Limits to Knowledge

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/09/03/beyond-the-absolute-limits-to-knowledge/

24  Imaging the Conscience.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2014/10/20/imaging-the-conscience/

25. The Comparison Process: Creativity, and Linguistics. Analyzing a Movie

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/03/24/comparison-process-creativity-and-linguistics-analyzing-a-movie/

26. A Mother’s Wisdom

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/06/03/a-mothers-wisdom/

27. The Fox and the Hedgehog

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/06/19/the-fox-the-hedgehog/

28. Sequoias, Parkinson’s and Space Sickness.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/07/17/sequoias-parkinsons-and-space-sickness/

29. Evolution, growth, & Development: A Deeper Understanding.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/09/01/evolution-growth-development-a-deeper-understanding/

30. Explanandum 6: Understanding Complex Systems

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/09/08/explandum-6-understanding-complex-systems/

31. The Promised Land of the Undiscovered Country: Towards Universal Understanding

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/09/28/the-promised-land-of-the-undiscovered-country-towards-universal-understanding-2/

32. The Power of Proliferation

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/10/02/the-power-of-proliferation/

33. A Field Trip into our Understanding

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/11/03/a-field-trip-into-our-understanding/

34.  Extensions & applications: Pts. 1 & 2.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/05/17/extensions-applications-pts-1-2/

(35. A Hierarchical Turing Test for General AI, this was deleted after being posted, and it’s not known how it occurred.)

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/05/17/extensions-applications-pts-1-2/

35. The Structure of Color Vision

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/06/11/the-structure-of-color-vision/

36. La Chanson Sans Fin:   Table of Contents

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2015/09/28/le-chanson-sans-fin-table-of-contents-2/

37. The Structure of Color Vision

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/06/16/the-structure-of-color-vision-2/

38. Stabilities, Repetitions, and Confirmability

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/06/30/stabilities-repetitions-confirmability/

39. The Balanced Brain

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/07/08/the-balanced-brain/

40. The Limits to Linear Thinking & Methods

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/07/10/the-limits-to-linear-thinking-methods/

41. Melding Cognitive Neuroscience & Behaviorism

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/11/19/melding-cognitive-neuroscience-behaviorism/

42. An Hierarchical Turing Test for AI

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2016/12/02/an-hierarchical-turing-test-for-ai/

43.  Do Neutron Stars develop into White Dwarfs by Mass Loss?https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/02/08/do-neutron-stars-develop-into-white-dwarfs-by-mass-loss/

44. An Infinity of Flavors ?                             https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/02/16/an-infinity-of-flavors/

45. The Origin of Infomration & Understanding; and the Wellsprings of Creativity

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/04/01/origins-of-information-understanding/

46. The Complex System of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/04/22/the-complex-system-of-the-second-law-of-thermodynamics/

47. How Physicians Create New Information

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/05/01/how-physicians-create-new-information/

48. An Hierarchical Turing Test for AI

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/05/20/an-hierarchical-turing-test-for-ai-2/

49. The Neuroscience of Problem Solving

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/05/27/the-neuroscience-of-problem-solving/

50. A Standard Method to Understand Neurochemistry’s Complexities

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/05/30/a-standard-method-to-understand-neurochemistrys-complexities/

51. Problem Solving for Self Driving Cars: a Model.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/06/10/problem-solving-for-self-driving-cars-a-model/

52. A Trio of Relationships and Connections

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/08/04/a-trio-of-relationships-connections/

53: Einstein’s Great Subtleties:  Einstein’s Edge

https://wordpress.com/post/jochesh00.wordpress.com/583

54. The Problem of Solving P not Equal to NP

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/04/28/the-problem-of-solving-p-not-equal-to-np/

55. How to Create a Blue Rose

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/06/02/how-to-create-a-blue-rose/

56. The Etymologies of Creativity

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/06/14/the-etymologies-creativity/

57.  A Basic Model of a Unifying System of Most All Knowledge

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/07/06/a-basic-model-of-a-unifying-system-of-most-all-knowledge/

58. Understanding Psych with S/F Brain Methods

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/07/11/understanding-psychology-with-s-f-methods/

59. The Wiggins Prime Sieve

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/08/02/the-wiggins-prime-sieve/

60. The Complex System of Love

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/08/22/the-complex-system-of-love/

61. The Limits of the Comparison Process

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/08/27/the-limits-of-comparison-processing/

62.  The Bees, Cortical Brain Structure, Einstein’s Brain, etc.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/09/14/the-bees-cortical-brain-structures-einsteins-brain-the-flowers/

 

63. The Wiggins Prime Sieve, Version 3.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/09/15/the-wiggins-prime-sieve-version-3/

64. The Prime Quartets Method

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/10/04/prime-quartets-method-capabilities-insights-sans-limits/

65. Is Goldbach’s Conjecture True And/or False, Conditionally?

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/11/17/is-goldbachs-conjecture-true-and-or-false-conditionally/

66. The Magic of the Prime Multiples and Goldbach’s….

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/11/27/the-magic-of-the-prime-multiples-insights-into-goldbachs-conjecture/

67 The Wiggins Primes Sieve:  Cycles of 30’s in the Primes

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2018/12/17/the-wiggins-prime-sieve-cycles-of-30s-in-the-primes/

68. Winning at Solitaire, Basic Strategies

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/02/04/winning-at-solitaire-basic-strategies/

69, The Failures of Idealisms & Brain Hardwiring in the Sciences

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/04/04/the-failures-of-idealisms-brain-hardwiring-in-the-sciences/

70. The Break Outs: The roots of Growth & Unlimited Creativities

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/06/the-break-outs-roots-of-growth-unlimited-creativities/

71. How to Find the MH370 Crash Site

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/19/the-likely-indian-ocean-so-equatorial-current-crash-sites-for-mh370/

72. Walking Shortcuts, a Cameo

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/21/walking-shortcuts-a-cameo-for-creating-unlimited-professional-growth/

73. Einstein’s Quotes & Neuroscientific Insights on Creativity & Understanding

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/07/09/einsteins-quotes-and-neuroscientific-insights-on-creativity-etc/

74. Towards a Model of Everything 14 Jul. 2019

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/07/13/towards-a-model-of-everything-moe/

75. Addenda: The Walkabout Article  22 Jul 2019

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/07/22/the-walkabout-article-addenda/

76. NP not = P, Second considerations

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/07/23/np-not-equal-to-p-2nd-considerations/

77. The Kategoria of Incompletenesses, Limits to Our Growth.

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/08/05/the-kategoria-of-the-incompletenesses/

78. The Flight of Tennis Balls:   A Cameo of Creative Thinking & Understanding

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/08/15/the-flight-of-tennis-balls/

 

79. The S curves of Growth

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/09/10/the-s-curves-of-growth/

80. A New Possible Sunspot Duration Detector

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/10/07/a-new-possible-sunspot-duration-amplitude-predictor/

81. 2nd Addendum to Walking/Decision Making article.

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/10/08/2nd-addendum-partial-mathematization-of-the-walking-decision-making-article/

82. Part 2: An Historical Genealogy of Tom Horn

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/11/16/an-historical-genealogy-of-tom-horn-part-2/

83.  Part 1: An Historical Genealogy of Tom Horn

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/11/16/part-1-an-historical-genealogy-of-tom-horn/

84. The Power of & Great Age of Human Predictions/Prophecies

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/12/19/the-power-of-great-age-of-human-predictions-prophecies/

85. Four Short, Creative Insight Articles

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2020/01/14/four-short-creative-insight-articles/

86>  The Likely Indian Ocean Southern Equatorial Current Crash Site of Flight MH370

https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2019/06/19/the-likely-indian-ocean-so-equatorial-current-crash-sites-for-mh370/

87. Our Eyes Cannot See Our Eyes:  The Mindtraps

jochesh00.wordpress.com/2020/02/08/our-eyes-cannot-see-our-eyes-the-mindtraps/

 

Part 1: An Historical Genealogy of Tom Horn

By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2019
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Part 1: An Historical Genealogy of Tom Horn
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A Genealogical History of the Notorious Killer, Thomas (Tom) S. Horn, Jr.
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There are two biographies of Tom Horn we may use by comparison and contrast to more fully understand the life of Horn. The first is the best and most definitive, and comes in two editions, the original by Gary D. Ball, named, “Tom Horn In Life and Legend” published. 2014, and is the Definitive, modern work on Tom Horn, by an very fine historian

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The other in contrast is by Chip Carlson “Tom Horn: Killing Men is my Specialty”, publ. 1981. Recommended by endorsing/writing of some persons, that he “knew the most about Tom Horn.” He is not an historian, and provides most of his narrative from Tom Horn’s autobio written while in jail awaiting execution, very remote in time from the events Horn writes about. Sadly, comparing Carlson’s work with Ball’s, which military, legal, civil  records information has been there for at least 100 years is a huge contrast in scholarship, historically referenced military, and local histories with vastly more facts, and  every where best compared to that of Carlson. Nor even is his “Blood on the Moon” revision, substantially better.
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And we can tell that by the facts. The basic point through these two Parts articles about Horn, are that for ANY biography, those cannot be complete without checking the totality of the Genealogical data and sources. Without those, a biography alone is too incomplete to be historically state of art and credible. No bio of any kind is acceptable without a very complete genealogical section which tells us where the families came from, who they were, where they lived and the other, highly formative, origins information necessary for the fullest possible understanding of the subject of the biography. IOW, without as Complete as possible genealogical information, with that left out, it’s not a very good, historical and by scholarship acceptable work.
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First of all, Thomas S. Horn, Jr. was born traditionally on 21 Nov. 1860 near Granger, Scotland Co., MO. the 4th or 5th child of about 10-12 by Thomas S. Horn, Sr., & his lawful wife, Mary Ann Maricha Miller. There are NO known church, baptismal, or birth records even referenced to the date of his birth. He’s not found on the 1900 census, either, which often listed the month and year of birth. but his brother Charles’ date, was there, however.
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If we are to believe Carlson, which is dubious, as he bases a huge amount not on historical records but the highly inaccurate, and highly self serving autobiography of Tom Horn, Himself. & he’s a notorious liar, as well, manifested in his killing history, drinking, and thus Sociopathic behaviors, repeatedly, very likely. Clearly, the jury never believed him, and his employers didn’t either. The immensities of false stories he wrote started when he said he left the farm forever at age 14 after being abused by both parents, physically. His mother was a kindly person, but he states she was not. His father, likely an alcoholic like Tom Jr., was the one who may have abused him. Well, he related he was driving a stage, on cattle drives, and many other tasks which are not seen with 14 year olds, nor can be. And as we read thru the details of his life in Ball, comparisons show this repeatedly.
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So we first check the historical records. The censuses 1860, 1870 and 1880. He’s not on the 1860 census, just before the CW, because he was born months later than that. And we First find him with his parents Thomas, Sr. and Mary Ann Horn, & oldest brother Charles, who was very important to him. in 1870 & 1880, Scotland Co., MO.
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1860 census MO, Scotland, Harrison; 25 July, near Memphis, MO
Thomas Horn, 35 OH farmer $6K
Mary Horn, 29 OH
Charles Horn, 6, MO (sic); Wm. 4, MO,
***  Nancy B. 2 MIssouri ; (she’s there!)
PG with Thos. Jr. at the time?
Because Charles was likely born in OHIO, 1852-3, then they moved to MO in 1854-5 or so. Check Charles’ place born dates 1900 census, et. seq., showed b. OHIO. Father didn’t list that Ohio birth place to hide why/from where the family left.
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Findagrave on Charles Horn
B. 1 Jan. 1852 in Coshocton Co., OH, d. 7 Nov. 1930, Boulder, CO
Bu. Columbia Cem. Boulder, CO. (Carlson states Pioneer Cem.) & ONLY gives Charles as his brother, None of his other sibs, and NEVER his mother, and only that his father was Thomas, not Sr., Jr., or anything. Something is remiss there at once. NO other family members are EVER given. Ball does give the family data, however. and some ancestry, too.
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1870, MO, Scotland, Harrison Tp.  dates of census, supposed to be there, not given, but usually spring to fall, rarely after October.
Thos. 45 OH, farmer,  2 K, (letters not dark enough but some readable  names, dates, with enlarging image)
Mary 39, OH
Chas. 16 (sic, b. 1852, OH), MO(sic), Nancy 12 MO  (b. 24 May 1858, MO)   (Wm. gone!)
Thos. 10 MO, so born in 1860, but not born in November, if correct, or if born in 1861, instead.
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Martin 8 MO, (rather b.19 Nov. 1862, Cochocton, OH); Hannah 6 MO, (20 May 1865);
Benny Markley age 12, Ark. (a nephew of Mary Ann’s)
Next page, not clear: Austin 3 MO, (ca. 1866-7, definitive BD not clear) male, & Mary 1(??) (Maude Ambrosia, b. 4 Jul 1869, solid)  Missouri.
Big gaps, some kids missing? From the birth of Mary, known, July 1869, we can guess that date of the census, approx. to within 1 month. IOW, June to Aug. 1870.
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1880, MO, Scotland, Harrison; Day/Mo. each census page, date of census page not given.
Thomas Horn 54, OH, PA/”
Mary A. 49, OH, OH/”
Mart(in) 17, MO
****Tom Horn 19 , MO; so was living there in 1880, too. and left AFTER 1880 census.
Carlson was wrong again.
Hannah 15 ; Oss (Austin) 12; Maude  (Mary Ambrosia)11 (sic); and Alice 5. all b. MO
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There is this interesting listing in the 1880 census
1880, CO, Gunnison, Gunnison City, 12 Jun. 1880
Horn, Thom’s 19 MO (parents b. OH/OH) single, Miner, which could be him. or not.
but that’s Very far south/west, 120 miles, of Leadville, too.
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And this:
1880, KS, Reno, Valley 3 jun.
Charles Horn 27
Elizabeth (Blattner)
Much more in Part 2.
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1891 Canada Census, British Columbia, New Westminster
Thomas Horn b. 1825, 66, ma., US, USA/Scotland   farmer, to Canada in 1889!!
Mary A. 60 US  Baptists.
A. H. (Austin) 23; Alice 16; both b. US.
No, Austin is born ca 1868, so as the estimated surround 1867, that’s a likely birth year.
Where were Maude? others?
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Able to locate a 1900 US, but no 1901 Canadian census on Maude, & the above disparity shows an important point, She was born in 1869. She lived most of life in Washington state, NOT with her father/mother after 1890, likely.
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Clearly, Maude Mary A. (for Ambrosia) was born in USA, and NOT after the census, too. but we see these things all the time, Info decays in time. And she was about 100 when she died, so who knows her date and year of birth? This requires then the historically tested, Preponderance of evidence.
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1900, WA, Pierce, Tacoma, 6 June;
Matthew O’Simpson, (sic!! Actually Matthew Oliver (O.), so the census take messed up!) b. July 1877 (1878 by  birth records, Can., thus wrong!!!!)  Ontario CAN;  parents Can. Engl,, MO/Ireland!!
Maude O’Simpson (sic) b. July 1869, MO; ma. 2 yrs. 1/1;  in US 6/12, since 1900!!!
Mary L. O’Simpson, 2 b. British Columbia b. Oct. 1898;   in US 6/12 mos, since 1900!!!
So Maude and family in BC, then moved back to Washington state, in Seattle/Tacoma
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Now, 1910 census, US, Washington state, Kings, Seattle,. 3  20 Apr.
Matthew O. Simpson, 31, b. ca. 1879, Canada Eng., Imm. to US 1883; ma. 13 yrs.; grip man, streetcar
Maude A. 40, wife Missouri (well, 1869, poss. as was born July) ma. 13 yrs. 2/1; OH/”
Alice M. 11 Minnesota; What?
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1920 Jan. 1920, Matt imm. 1887; Maude is 50., 1930, Apr. 24, also for Maude and Matt, but he d. in 1932.
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Children:
Alice M Simpson was born 15 Oct.1898, Port Coquitlan (Vancouver metro), BC, and moved to Seattle in 1909.
Mary Alice Simpson  naturalized 1926 in Wash, b. 15 Oct. 1898 in Port Coquitlan, BC.
imm. from New Westminster, BC. Where her G’pa. Thos. Horn Sr. had been living, too.
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Check 1901 Brit. Columbia census for them and the dates might be there!!! A sister, Thomasita  b. Pierce Co., Wash in 1901; likely Tacoma.
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So after all of this, was the 1869 age wrong for Maude? & the answer is, we don’t know. but it’s easy to get bogged down in the complexities, too.
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Where were Matt and Maude married ca. 1894-1898? This missing info is more decay of info problem. But is resolved in Part 2.
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These disparities, cognitive dissonances, and comparison process points created are seen all the time. My ancestor was born in Westphalia 1820, and his tombstone in Lancaster showed his DOB at 1822. But the 1900 census showed he was born in the exact month and year, 1820. AND on the IGI records from Dielingen, Westphalia 1820 birth year, and that correct date of his brother, Augustus, 1824, as well. So in this case, as well as in the case of Tom Horn, whose stone showed b.1861, that info decays in time. Who’s more likely to be right? Yet again, a TD, LE principle. Those sources of info closest to the events, are likeliest. So Maude was born ca. July 1869, too. and that’s that, as well. IOW, the 1870 census, right to the month showed she was born in 1869-70, very likely. and Tom Horn was likely b. in 1860, NOT 1861, as his Columbia Cem., Boulder CO, stone showed, next to his brother, Charles, who got the body in Cheyenne after Tom was hung for murder; and had the funeral and burial there in Boulder. Otherwise he’d NOT be listed in 1860!! So he was born mid 1860, likely.
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Next there are land records of Thomas Horn Sr., living in Ohio along the Muskingum River, which became Coshocton Co., where Thomas and Mary Ann Were married in late 1850, clearly. What then happened, and Carlson ignored that huge move to Missouri. And the move to Kansas, near Grinnel in the 1870’s, where he lost that land too. And the indebtedness from a failed investment in Coshocton, OH, mid 1850’s, which Ball very clearly details. They left Ohio in the middle of the night, to escape debtors, ending up in Scotland Co., MO, which the censuses show, as well. Still looking for KS state census records of 1875, but not listed in Kansas, however. Absence of evidence is not likely evidence for absence. Where he lived for about 2 years, with family, before moving BACK to Scotland Co., MO, by 1880. Charles stayed in KS much later, however.
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The mid 1870’s was the time Tom Horn claimed he’d been out and about on cattle drives, stage coach work, and so forth. Which was clearly NOT the case. He was there in Scotland Co., MO with parents as shown above until at least later 1880. He was also in KS with his father &/or brother, Charles, when they moved there after 1875, only to fail and move back to Scotland Co., MO by 1880.
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Ball wrote that Charles Horn moved to California, but no records of that, and then back to Missouri. and from there to Kansas near his father. Then from there likely to Denver/Boulder, CO where he lived and died. Indeed 2 kids born in KS, as well. so that makes sense. Land records show those movements.
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And Carlson does NOT state why Thomas Sr. and much of his family, ever moved to, NOR ended up in the Pacific NW, either, some in Washington state, and Thos Sr. himself & Many of his many kids buried in Vancouver area, in Cloverdale, at the cemetery there, on findagrave for most of them.
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This is an excellent genealogical source, which shows what’s going on. William Horn, bu. 1856, was likely born in Scotland Co., MO. and died there, consistent with the 1860, 1870 censuses from there. And immortalized the mid 1850’s move from Coshocton to avoid debtors, as likely drove his move out of the nation, to BC, Canada, from Scotland Co., MO. Carlson does NOT even touch on this VIPoint, NOR the 1880 census, NOR the move to Kansas, as Ball so well documents.
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The state census records do not record any of those Horns in 1875 in Kansas. Altho the 1885 census likely will show something. Clearly, Thos. Horn Sr., was there  after 1875, and left Kansas to move back to MO before the 1880 census, when in MO. Charles was there for some time, however. & we know that from his daughters’ places of birth.
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Thus the whole story about stage coach work, cattle drives, etc. occurred very likely in Kansas with Brother and family there, &/or AFTER 1880, because the military records on Tom Horn start about 1882-3 in Arizona. so his whole story about being beaten by his parents, and then leaving are likely bogus. His actual independent life history began near his age of majority about 20-21 y/o. Then he may have done the cattle drives, the stage coaching & ended up in Arizona ca. early 1880’s, as above.
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These genealogical correctives are NOT used by Carlson, but Ball documents the extensive Military records there in Arizona, over that time from Tom Horn’s work there, which was again, highly embellished and falsified, because he failed to relate his serious problems there, as well. When working in Globe, Gila Co., now Arizona, and near the San Carlos Ind. Reservation nearby, which work records are also extent, but NOT mentioned at all by Carlson except in cursory passing. Carlson was NOT the/an expert on Tom Horn’s life. He would not do the work to find the data, which Ball showed was very clearly available at the time, too.
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Thus Ball’s superior scholarship and military and civil records from AZ, show what likely happened, there in AZ. Horn writes he found Geronimo, was an acquaintance of the Apache chief, and then was a interpreter for him. But that’s not the case. He was in a group of men who did, but he knew no Apache and others did that work. Again, embellishments & lies.
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He left Arizona and was in Colorado, by the early 1890’s, at which time his father had moved to escape debtors, ca. 1890, very likely from Scotland Co., MO. Debt Collectors/enforcers can’t cross international boundaries, very easily. So Thos. Sr., ran away the last time, starting in Coshocton, where his wife’s family had land, which he worked, and then lost to indebtedness. That was why Carlson never mentioned the family, because it’d have exposed the problems of the father. A sad, but true omission and why Carlson’s endorsements by many are simply not credible, either.
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So when Tom claimed leaving Scotland Co., aged 14 in 1874 (by his lies in autobio) they were still in Granger, MO, farm area; & in actuality no evidence that he never left at all. He moved with parents to KS, near Burrton & they were there  until Thos. Sr. lost the farm again in about 2-3 years, (EtOh again?) and back to near Etna, MO, by 1880. where he’s also listed. Tom left there about 1881-2 for Leadville, CO, as his brother was in Colorado by then. & thence by 1882-3 to Globe, Gila Co., AZ territory; and also worked on San Carlos Indian reservation going by name, James M. Hicks; apparently wi. a common law Apache wife, & perhaps 2 kids. No census or other documentation of that, either. NO mention of that by Tom, either. Carlson leaves it out because it’d show Tom Horn was not a good man, and that being the case, casts serious doubts about his unsubstantiated claims that Horn was innocent of the murder for which he was hanged.
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Tom Horn left San Carlos area, joined up with Pinkerton detective service in Denver in 1890. He likely left the same way his father, did. Got into local troubles. & Then to WY and range wars by Pinkerton sending him to Johnson Co., about 1892, and thence to of Cheyenne, and Laramie, WY, until death.
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In the meantime he talked about his “detective work” which was in fact tracking down rustlers & eliminating them by long distance shooting. This established his bad reputation and notorieties. Eventually he killed a child, Willie Nickell, near Laramie, WY. & likely not the first, as Meldrum called him a “child killer”, too. So his lethal work for the cattle associations was a euphemism called being a “Detective”, which he was not, except when working for Pinkerton’s which stopped in 1892-3, when he apparently, voluntarily found work in Wyoming, along the same lines, with the cattlemen’s associations. He left Pinkerton’s under a cloud.
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He’d tracked a robber to California, lost him, then robbed a casino/bank on Reno, NV. Pinkerton’s had to bail him out.
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This is how we know what’s likely going on. Rarely with complete certainty, in historical records, or family history records, either. But we do weigh the repeating records, and find clearly the gaps and inconsistencies in those.
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As far as Horn’s sojourns in Colorado, Ball again documents those well, and Carlson misses most of it, except to mention the Pinkerton appointment to Denver, Colorado, in 1890. He seriously messed up his detective work & altho Carlson shows a Photo of Tom at the time, states it’s Tom Horn and totally ignores the 2 other Pinkerton men, dressed  up as usual in suits, which marks them as Pinkerton Agents, BTW!!!  By ignoring and avoiding clear cut info and sources, Carlson ruins his credibility and conclusions. So, there we have it.
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Horn said he moved to Wyoming in 1894. But the records are clear, he was there by Pinkerton records from  Denver, to Johnson Co., Range wars, in 1892, problems in which Pinkerton had a vested, fiduciary interest. Shortly thereafter, because he’d robbed a casino or some such place, in the early 1890’s in Reno, NV, while on a failed hunt for robbers, (which Carlson also ignored, for the same reasons as usual) and Pinkerton saved him from prosecutions. This all well documented by Ball.
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Have also looked into the so called by Carlson, Tom’s “girl friend’, Glendolene Myrtle Kimmell, Fortunately for us, her name was not Mary Smith, but a very clear cut, distinctive & rare name, making her VERY easy to trace!!!  She was an interloper and her claims to have known Tom Horn were likely bogus, from which we see from the census records, as well. She investigated him AFTER the facts, and as a stenographer, was a self proclaimed writer, but not very good, either. So much of what she writes can be easily dismissed, which Carlson for some reason never mentions at all, either. Checking the census and civil records for Glendolene Kimmell reveals in the city directories of Denver, exactly when she was there, doing what & so forth. Over 100 Miles south of Cheyenne, and ever further from Laramie!!! She was NEVER a teacher at all!!! She was nothing, and much of what she stated in a “addendum” to his bio, is not from personal, accurate experience, but simply bad journalism, in which she had no training or expertize either.
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We often call such persons Interlopers, poseurs, and opportunists. The data on the known sojourns and many, many addresses on Miss Glendolene M. Kimmell ARE very well documented in Part 2 at the end of the write up, just before the raw data section. This clearly allows us to dismiss Miss Kimmell as anything substantial, credible, or reliable regarding Tom Horn. The jury did not believe her, because she’d disappeared apparently libeling a Mr. Miller, fingering him as the man who murdered Willie Nickell. & she was not able to be found to testify, by deliberate hiding of herself, out of Wyoming for some years.
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Just why Carlson would miss those vast, genealogical evidences & documents about Miss Glendolene, and the fact she lived with her mother, was never married, and eventually moved with Mom to California, in the LA area, near where she died some years later. All of those facts are available in Denver, at the National Archives, too, near where Carlson lived.
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Checking the Denver City directories for the time of 1900 to ca. 1920 and the census records, reveals an astonishingly different story about Miss Kimmell. First at NO time is she ever listed as a “teacher” or anything to do with schooling. We only have HER say so she was in Wyoming. There is NO independent census evidence of that, either. While living in Denver she was a steno, a writer, or living on her own means, from 1903 to 1920. She was also listed in KC, MO, and in Hannibal (with mother), and a steno, both times. Where is the teaching?
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Clearly, the Carlson story about he being a school marm, is simply not substantiated at all, either. Nor does she have anything but “self education” listed anywhere. Those are not the qualifications of a teacher, at all. So what’s going on with Carlson, once again? He admits Tom Horn and Miss Kimmell only met once, and then builds up this fabular story about her knowing him and he simply did not, either. And her writing in Horn’s defense, was clearly dismissed by Ball, who stated she was not believed at all. But those things get in the way of Carlson’s “Tom Horn was Innocent” agenda, which he most certainly was NOT.
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 Those relevant omissions showed Carlson never checked much on her at all!!! The best informed of any on Tom Horn, indeed, NOT!!! Nor did Ball check on the known data, either, and sort of implies there was some kind of interaction. Possibly 1, but we have no solid evidence of even that 1, either.
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Tom Horn  was assigned by Pinkertons in 1892 by records, up to Johnson Co.,Wyoming, where the range wars were going on at that time, in order to move out a troubling employee, giving him one last chance, which he missed, yet again. He was drinking heavily from time, to time, very clearly and that lasted until his arrest for murder of Willie Nickell in Iron Mountain, near Laramie, and held in jail without bail until his conviction and hanging in Cheyenne, WY,. and from there taken by Brother Charles to a Boulder funeral & Cemetery in Colorado.
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Glendolene M. Kimmell had NOTHING to do with Tom Horn before the murder of Willie Nickell, and not much after, either, altho she did a very fabular “psych” assessment on him, for which she had not the slightest training, nor credibility. That is simply fiction by Carlson.
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Once again, check the section in part 2, which is extensive on city directories, censuses, and related records on her. This shows an extremely different, documentable, large sets of information about her, totally at odds from Carlson, and not much at all mentioned by Ball, sadly.
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Which once again proves the point. If the biographer has NOT collected and found the genealogical historical records on a person, he has NOT done a very good Biography. This alone establishes the standard of scholarship needed for most ALL bios, understanding the limits as imposed by “information is lost in time”, the universal principle of physics, called the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics. It cannot be ignored by serious students of historical work of ANY kind, logically, empirically, historically and scientifically.