The Bees, Cortical & Brain Structures, Einsteins Brain, & the Flowers

By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014

Copyright © 2018

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This title sounds almost silly, but is in fact a very deep, underlying  and least energy connection about how events in our universe are interrelated and work together.

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First of all we look to the bees which create the honeycombs, which are cylindrical cells made of wax, which they secrete from special glands. Then the wax is shaped into the honeycombs, which are repeating hexagonal, cylindrical, regular forms Those are are very famous and of considerable mathematical as well as materials sciences shapes. Just how and why the bees use the repeating hexagonal honeycombs is no longer mysterious, when considered from the least energy principle. The most efficient columnar forms are those of the regular hexagons.
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Those are also seen partially in nature in the nearly hexagonal forms of the basaltic columns when slowly were cooled, worldwide. Devil’s Tower, the Giant’s Causeway, the same basaltic columns in the cliff walls of Yellowstone near Tower Bridge, and even Devil’s Postpile Park in California. Much the same is seen in SE Washington there in the Columbia River Basalts and wherever else massive amounts of basaltic lava flows are laid down and cool, slowly, such as in Iceland.
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Why this should be is very clear. For columns of any kind the hexagonal form is least energy. In other words, the MOST space can be most efficiently enclosed in the hexagonal columns. That is most commonly seen naturally in Honeycombs. Those are not perfect hexagons, but are least energy created to be as close to that as can be done without wasting too much time, materials and effort on perfection. Thus, the geometry of the Honeycomb is a least energy geometry, as those were discussed previously regarding hierarchical arrangements, least gravitational energy forms (water flows downhill) of the riverine systems, world wide, (rivulets/springs, become the little streams, to little creeks, to littler rivers, to bigger rivers, to the massive trunks of the Missouri, Ohio, Mississippi, the Amazon, Orinoco, etc). Or the neurovascular bundles of nerves, arteries & veins, and so forth. & the tree trunks, large branches, smaller branches, sticks, then twigs, then the veining patterns of the leaves, etc. Not to miss the roots of the plants, nor the deltas of the rivers, as well, all of similar, least energy, geographic, topological and biological organizations.
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Thus the honeycomb is least energy geometry and not Euclidean, as the riverine and related hierarchies are also complex system, hierarchical geometries of least energy. It’s in a more general sense, a very tight packing system. Sedimentation layers are also tight packing with least energy forms, as well, and geometries of a type of different particle sizes and densities, driving the layers in that way, as well.
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Examining the Bees more deeply, Von Frisch did several good experiments to find out how the workers were foraging and communicated to where the nectar and pollen were in in how large quantities of each, #’s of flowers, nectar, etc. It turned out that bees were using a landmark system to recall whee the hive was, and NOT getting lost. The bees see UV light, and because of that the sun is visible even when cloudy!!!  And because the sun rises and sets in a consistent repeating, least energy pattern, they use THAT standard to know where the hive is. The movements of the sun tell them time of day, just as it does us, and where the hive is.
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So the worker bee comes back laden with pollen and nectar and communicates to fellow worker bees where the nectar is. Von Frisch put sugar water samples at distances from the hive in many directions and then watched what the bees did upon returning to show the others where the nectar sources were. They oriented themselves to the sun. and if they wiggled fast, it was close and if wiggled slowly it was more distant, and the other collecting bees could then find it looking for the flowers, which not surprisingly ALSO glow in UV light saying, Here we are, nectar and pollen, primarily pollinating most all of our best plants to fruits.
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But, there is a depths within depths to this Von Frisch solution to how the bees communicate by landmarks as to where he nectar is. Which he missed and which was found when trying to solve the Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP). What’s the best route to use getting the packages and sites visited in the least time and distance? Our best computers couldn’t tell us. It was TOO complicated a sorting problem. So, Proverbially, we observed the wisdom of the bees, and the ants. They showed us how to sort thru this problem very quickly. The bees find the closest nectar source, by trial and error sorting (just like we do), and then the mark in their bee brains about where that is from the hive in terms of orientation to the sun, AND distance. They collect as much as can, and if rich it takes a bit of time, but the sun doesn’t really move that much in that time. & bees fly FAST.
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So back to hive, orient their abdomens and bodies towards the sun to tell the other workers where this nectar/pollen largess is, and wiggle at a speed which gives the  distance within less than 100′, approximately. Then the bees rush out in a group, having had this comparison process information created & then signaled to them, and begin to collect more nectar and pollen for the hive. Then they fly back and each gives more and more data which when summed up, is least energy solution to the travelling bee to nectar flowers. Successive approximations to exactly the shortest distances to the pollen and nectar, from flower to flower, which the hive MUST have to live & grow.
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So that was found out, using their strategy of least energy sorting. Go to the first nearest good flower, then the next, then the next. And the next worker bee refines that, until at last, after some 15 periodical reduplications, a math series in a sense of successive approximations, finds The fastest route to the lovely clover plants, which give good nectar to honey. & they are rapidly pollinating the clover, collecting honey, & so forth. They use Landmarks like those found in the grid cell Long Term Memory system of mammals, and they recognize by comparison process standards to where it is and how far out it is. And find a solution within a few minutes to about 75% of likely best possible.
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That’s how the bees do it, and we have followed, using computer driven sorting methods, finding the fastest outcomes. Now what is the value of all of this? With UPS, FedEx and other delivery drivers, it finds the Least Energy, most efficient routes to delivering packages up to a complexity limit of N!, and they save upwards of 40-60% of time, distance, cost of driving wear and tear on drivers and trucks. Least energy Rules, we see. The most efficient methods win. They do lots more work with less time, costs, etc.
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And the necessity of creativity to find those least energy rules to solve the TSP, was shown to us by the bees, and then developed further to greater efficiencies. Create the information by comparison process standards, and then sort to a least energy solution, is the key, fundamental point in understanding most ALL creativity. Information is created by comparing the sun angle and the distance to the points to visit. We use similar comparison standards in Time. We use distance by measuring against relatively fixed set, stable time, distance, i.e., Einsteinian epistemological, related standards. and then against THOSE standards, very similar to what bees AND ants use to find the fastest most direct route to the food, solve the problems.
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It’s how we navigate according to maps, and within the structures of the hierarchies of our understanding. The bees have a grid cell structure short term memory system analogous to our own in function, but much simpler than ours. Look for it in the bees and further show how it works. Same with ants, birds, and all of those creatures which move around by landmarks, even the great whales!!! There’s a LOT of richly rewarding work yet to be done.
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It’s universal, a nearly universally applicable method to solving most ALL problems. That is the power of the comparison process which detects least energy savings in the complex system of the 2nd law of Thermodynamics.
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And that’s how the bees and we are very tightly related in problem solving, creativity, and how the universe is most all of it connected by deep, common, nearly universal standards of getting things done, based upon the enduring & repeating standards/landmarks (which reinforce by those repeats of themselves into our LTM, thus conjoining behaviorism neatly with cognitive neuroscience) of sun directions, time, and distances, used equally by most ALL migrating animals, including the 100’s of bird species, the wildebeests & elephants, and indeed Columbus when he discovered the New World for the Europeans.
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It shows us also that the best,most realistic expression, NP is Not Equal to P. We must add infor to solve the problems. Info content of NP, unless a tautology is NOT equal, but usually less or much less than P. NP is ~= to P. Provably so.
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Simple, elegant, fruitful and nearly universal AND unifying methodologies. It’s that simple.
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So we have the honeycomb. And we must somehow get to the Cortical columns of Mountcastle in the brains of the higher animals, such as porpoises and whales, the great apes, and humans as well. All plumped out, esp. in humans with their gyri and the spaces between the sulci. Most Everyone has seen those patterns when living & fresh brain surfaces are viewed. It’s all tight packing, too. The geometry of least energy, cortical cell columns, which make up the pathology specimens when those are seen in cross section under the microscope.
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There are 6 layers in most all human cortex, as well, altho level 4 is gone or replaced with pyramidal cells in the motor cortex, but still have the same origins as the cortex in the visual systems, the hippocampi, and the rest of the brain. The so called Neocortex. Those columns are packed into tight honeycombed patterns, with 60 degree angles being seen all about. That’s the connection of the bees to our brains’ basic, high level information processing cortical systems. It’s least energy, thermodynamic efficiencies, clearly. The Cortical Honeycombs!!
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The grid cell model of how animals, including humans navigate shows the same 60 deg. angles as the honeycomb structures. Tightly efficient, 3 D, least energy packing, we see. So our brains are also a form of honeycomb tight packing, too. the way Long Term memory is stored in the grid cell patterns. The landmarks are all stored as grid cell patterns. the basic standards of how we navigate in teh real world, reduced to a honeycomb, efficient architecture of structure/function beauty. And teh standards we use to measure and describe out universe, are ALSO stored in those grid cell patterns. The basic standards, conventions and rules are stored in this way, so that we can navigate the hierarchies of our organized knowledge. It all fits into a simple pattern. All the myriad ways of the Least energy tight packing, hierarchical categories of Aristoteles. All the same in normal humans, chimps, gorillas and orangs, as well as our recent ancestors and human relatives, too.
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But it’s way, way deeper than that. When we see the brain of Einstein, with the images of it, which have survived, it’s a very plump brain, somewhat squashed down from the process of fixing in formalin, so the gross architecture is a bit off from usual, too.
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The cortex is where the most of the higher process thinking goes on, in most all cases. Where the great ideas come from. Where the words are stored as ideas, and so forth. When cortex is damaged, in a strict structure/function (S/F) relationship, the various higher functions of speech, math, vision, sensation, movement, geographic navigation, memories and motor programs of all sorts are damaged, specifically into a basic brain plan.
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The brain is organized largely upside down &  reversed right for left in most all cases of the higher animals, including the humans and our cousins, the great apes, the whales esp. the bottlenose dolphins which also take that tight packing of cortical columns to their own kind of apotheosis of organization. And then in the birds, reptiles and likely the amphibians and some leggy fish as well, too.
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Explanandum 3, here:
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This is all well established. But why does the left human cortex of motor and sensory systems, control the right side of the body, and the right cortex the left body? When the left motor cortex is damaged, the right sided movements of the body are damaged, as well, in a strict, Left to right correspondence. Same with Sensations. Vice v ersa with the Right Hemisphere motor/sensory cortices. This is invariable in normal humans, and is the same in the apes, the mammals of all kinds including the marsupials, and the birds and reptiles. A grand design of universal types.
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And the top of the cortex between the hemispheres is where the toes are represented in motor/sensory strips, as well. & then it moves downward because there come the balls of the feet, the insteps and arches, the heels and then the “ankle bones are connected to the leg bones”, the leg bones to the knee bones, and those to the thigh bones to the pelvis and so upwards on the body, and slowly moving down to the bottom of the hemisphere in the brain where the face is represented. Once again. upside down & reversed right for left, we see. But WHY and how is this done?
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After 45 years of working within the neurological and psych fields no one ever, EVER explained why that was. NO one. Ever. Nada, nothing, Kein gedanken.
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So there is way more than that, alone. The motor and sensory nerves cross over, mostly from the left to the right side of the body, and conversely with the right brain via the decussations of the pyramids in the lower brainstem and upper spinal cord. This is also seen invariably in ALL the other mammals, and the rest. Whenever we see this decussation of the pyramids we know, without testing, that the left brain controls the right body, and the right brain, the left. Invariably in all animals and most reptiles and birds, as well.
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When the visual fields are examined. considered as round clock faces, the right visual fields from 12 to 3 to 6 are represented in the LEFT visual cortex. and the converse is true. And the upper visual fields from 9 to 12 to 3 are in the inferior occipital cortices, the visual cortex. And the lower field, from 3 to 6 to 9 in the superior visual cortex. There that is again!! Upside down and right for left. With damage to the right occipital lobes, the left visual field is impaired, and vice versa. Why is this?
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And the kicker? The optic nerves cross over from the right visual field in the right optic nerve, to the left side of brain. &  the left retinal visual field nerves into the optic nerve and do a right crossover. but not quite all fibers, but mostly, again for obvious reasons. And the lower retinal origination fibers in the optic nerve move upwards. and the upper move to the lower, most all (but not quite)l crossing over in a near exact optical nerve replication of the decussations of the pyramids  for the sensory AND motor fibers.
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So why all this complicated crossing over, inversions and left for right change overs? Why does the brain do that? How did that come about? What’s going on? Anyone, anywhere?  Doh…..
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 And when we look at the cerebellum the same right cerebellar hemisphere works on the left side, and the left hemisphere, the right side body movements. A complete S/F correspondence in every case of normal anatomy/function of cerebellum. Surely this is important, but how does it come about. Anybody? Anybody at all who can explain this? Nope, never, nada. Don’t bother us with deep findings.
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That’s what we find.
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And the kicker is, some of the cerebellar fibers are Double Crossed!!! Go figure!!
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But again, throughout the brain, even in the deep white matter structures of the connections, the thalami, the globus pallida, Putamina, internal capsules, and the brainstem. The same, this pattern of the cortex is seen, right reversed for left, & vice versa, and upside down in the deepest structures & connections of the brain. It dominates brains structure throughout all humans and the animals. Now how has this come about? Why?
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And what’s more, the optic radiations as they move from the eyes towards the visual cortex, the lower optic radiations are the upper visual fields, and the left side optic radiations move on the right hemisphere, as well. So we have huge amounts of data that supports this right to left and inverted top for bottom system.
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Now, why?
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And as in most great and good models, it’s quite, quite simple.
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The Eyes Have It!!!
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When we take a double convex lens, and normally use it, it’s a magnifying glass. But when we hold it at arms length we see quite a different picture. The brick house on the right is on the left, and the purple flowered lilac bushes to our left are on the right. And the grass and trees grow down from the top and the blue sky and clouds are on the bottom of the image coming out of the glass. Whoa, now!!! Could it bee?
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Could it be that the double convex lenses in the eyes are WHY the brain is organized upside down & right for left in an EXACT optical and visual relationships to the images cast upon the retina by those lenses?  Indeed, yes! We are visual creatures. Now we know more deeply Why and how. Our brains are organized against the high channel information in our visual images. & when we move that left leg, we move it according to an exact coordination with the lower, right visual field image, too. The same on the right leg, and arm, and face, Reversed right for left and upside down, consistently. All over the body, it’s the same with the brain.
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It’s that simple. We are visual creatures because the vast amounts of information channels in photons of light are that significant to our brains. We do the most with the visual systems, and so the brain is organized to those images of high infomercial channels & processings of information. That’s why this pattern of right reversed for left and upside down is done.
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So the cortical columns of Mountcastle where we do the information processing are also organized according to our visual images.
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And the optic radiations, left and right sides fan out &  also are likely connected to the motor and sensory systems as they pass by so those kinds of corresponding relationships can be even better used. Motor and sensory cortex does some visual processing, very likely.
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But what in the name of all sense does this possibly have to do with Einstein’s brain? Oh, quite a lot in fact. Einstein was a trained mechanical engineer, who examined in the Swiss patent office for much of his post doctoral career, numerous inventions of that visual designs sort. So was his father a mechanical and design engineer. and he was so good at it, he finished the days’ work usually by noon & then spent the afternoon working on his physics, which gave him world renown and fame.
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Sagan shows this in his great “Cosmos” series. That Einstein was a visual thinker, and he could process the complexities of visual images to understand How events in existence worked. To whit, what’s it like to ride on a photon? How is acceleration in a frame of reference like being in gravitational fields? How do photons knock out electrons from the atoms, to create the photoelectric effect, for which he got his Nobel Prize? & only one, BTW.
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And what happens to photons when they enter the very high gravitational field of the sun? Why, they turn a bit, subtlety so, towards the sun. & even billions of light years off, with two galaxies of great size and thus gravitation power and mass interposed on line of sight with observers on Earth, we see the more distant galaxy’s image changed into Einstein crosses and arcs, which the Hubble telescope has images of in the untold 1000’s of cases, too. & gravitational lenses are seen, many times in our own galaxy, which can do much the same, as well, with individual interposed star systems in line of sight with the earth. Right up close & as FAR was we can see.
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As per “Einstein’s Great Subtleties” he was a consummate visual and logical thinker. That’s done in the cortices, mostly. Now how does that get us to his brain?
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Simply. We know he was a very cortically driven and thinking person. We know that in animals of all kinds given a rich visual, stimulating environment that their brains plump out and are richer in sizes and connections than those brains in boring, stultifying environments. Which Einstein did not live in. and so there that is.
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We should expect, because enriched, stimulated, cortically driven & used brains will have more dendritic proliferations, and more synaptic connections made by protein lay downs in long term memory, for richer experience and memories. And for processing those events to meaningful models and understandings, as Einstein so well did. Largely his work was done along the lines of matter at high speeds, velocities and energy near light speed, cee; then again with matter at normal ambient temps, his work on Brownian movements and relationships, which showed the existence of atoms and molecules; and then at the other extreme of the very low energy, velocity, speeds of normal matter, fermions, the Bose-Einstein condensates near absolute zero. The other great exponential barrier, Zero Kelvin, as compared to light, but of very, very low temps, thus particle speeds, too.
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The double S curve of fermion energies from the very high, to the middle, normal ambient temps, to the ultra low. All visualized & explored by him, and pretty much that pattern has been ignored by most scientists. Except for “Einstein’s Great Subtleties”.
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Einstein was a high level, hard working, intensely thinking, cortical processor of all sorts. And an artist with the violin, as well, wherein his spatial relations visual skills were good enough to be not only a very good mechanical engineer and visualizer, but also an excellent violinist, which implies the same thing. Very good, even outstanding at spatial relationships & visual processing in space and time. His special interests. Professionally, and by no coincidence.
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So then we know that Functionally he was a great sorter and information processor, using his cortex, most all of it. And so we can expect WHAT of the structure/function of that same cortex and its unlimited synaptic & nerve fiber connections? Simple. The dendritic processes when compared to normal will be plumper and more of them. & the synaptic knobs which amount to upwards of 10K synapses per neuron within most of the some 50K-60K nerves and much more glia in each of his cortical columns.
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So when compared to the average high school grad’s brain? More connections, more synapses and more dendritic processes in a plumped out brain, and esp. in the visual, parietal & frontal areas, as well. That’s what we can predict and will find, comparatively, on the slides of his brain.
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& those structures/functions which do correlate making him such a great physicist, violinist, and thinker. Simple, S/F relationships of thinking creatively, musical & engineering abilities, as expressed by his plump, highly interconnected brain.
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All organized according to the mammalian plan of upside down & reversed right for left, all over it. But not quite, because if the fibers ALL crossed over to the opposite side but about 10% do not, then how can one side be comparison processed to the other side? & that explains that incomplete decussation of the pyramids, and the optic chiasm and the motor and sensory inputs from the optic radiations, as well. Which also access visual information to compare to motor and sensory tasks.
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Simple, elegant, and predictably fruitful.
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Thus the honeycomb of the bees, weighs in with a deep a very connection to the cortical organization of the cortical columns of Mountcastle, & thence onwards to the size and organizations of Einstein’s brain.
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And now we get to the Compositae. Also related to the above, too.
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Look at the face of the mature sunflower. It can be seen with images from the internet. See the almost geometrical pattern there of the seeds, all lined up in a near perfect geometrical shapes. The Compositae are flowers which have a cluster of a great many little flowers making up the mass of the group. This is a good way to make a LOT of seeds, compared to the near single seeds or few of the grasses, or the one of the coconuts, or the cherries, or peaches, plums, etc.
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Look at the loverly geometrical shapes seen there. It’s yet another form of the same basic, tight packing form, least energy driven, described above with the honeycomb. The central core of the hexagon, then repeated with 6 around it, then 12 around that, then 24 around that, etc., is not? Of course it is. Tight packing, least energy groupings of 100’s of seeds, all created from a single, successfully germinated sunflower seed. Proliferation and growth. Lovely patterns of 4 sided, diamond shaped, seed packing, is it not? Packing in a lot of seeds, in a tiny, little space, too. Efficient, very tight structures. Least energy, for sure.
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& that’s how we get from Bees, to brains, to Einstein and to flowers. Everything in this universe is connected to all else. & the structures of our brains show this, repeatedly with 100K’s of cortical cell columns all tightly, efficiently packed together in the outer brain. & largely connected to all the other parts of brain. So when we find all of those repeating relationships among events, our understanding can greatly rise. And here La Chanson Sans Fin is once again. The Song Without End, the repeating patterns of least energy and efficiencies, thoroughly seen throughout our universe of events. From Bees, to brains, to Einstein &* his methods, & then to flowers. The Compositae are a HUGE family of flowers. & now we know why they have proliferated just like the bees, like our cortices, and our understandings, and the flowers, as well. Most All Least Energy growth and development.
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Beauty is Truth and Truth Beauty.
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 La Chanson Sans Fin.
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Lovely patterns, indeed.

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