The Complex System of Our Colour Vision

The Complex System of our Colour Vision
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By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2020
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As has been explored in part before, “The Structure of Color Vision”. There is a lot more to colour vision than has been explored before, nor understood very completely. The system is necessarily complex system (Cx Sys) and thus is amenable to the best description by using the Kategoria to describe it’s many different aspects and colours.

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For instance, comparing (Comparison Processing, CP) the visual system of colours to that of the electromagnetic spectrum of co-lours is very, revealing and shows many disparities and interesting observations.
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Structure of our colour vision, here.
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First Kategoria is the EM spectrum, and we then compare that to the ROY G BI mnemonic listing the colours we ID and name by CP.  That creates data by the differences. The EM spectrum is linear, & thus leaves OUT a very great deal as linear methods do. The Structure shows that starkly. Where is brown, white, grays unlimited and black? Where is Dayglo? Thus in order to complete better our descriptions of colours as we see them, we use the Kategoria. and that yields very interesting insights, Plus we use structure/function (S/F) relationships to further extend our understanding of HOW color vision arises.
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Next Kategoria is 2. Black, the Grays unlimited, and White. What is this? Animals do not always see in colors. They have a black/white system, like B&W TV and photography (Platinum Methods are the best). Simply, this is the number of photons reaching the retina. The more photons, the whiter it is, the less, the fewer & grayer. and at the border zone of detectable, it’s black. The structure/function (S/F) is that of of the rods. Those are the detectors of the black and white colors, and the unlimited grays. The rods quantitate the number of photons and then realizable change those into the unlimited grays from nearly white to nearly black, by a CP method. The top of the photon numbers scale is the white out we see with looking at bright lights. Much like that seen with cameras, when the # of photons white out the image. The lower end is the detectability of the dark grays to black, and we know there are very human limits to that. We use CCD’s to detect photons which we cannot otherwise see. Which is what David Malin used to find the Low Surface Brightness Galaxies (LSBG), which our visual telescopes had missed, using lenses and mirrors. And as a result we found over 1 trillions more galaxies. The limits of our eyes had been once more, as in the IR, UV, X-rays, been extended to see MORE of the universe by using those new technologies.
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So, we have again, another Kategoria. which is explainable by S/F relationships.
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3. Brown. This is NOT on the EM spectrum, like white-gray-black scales. And this huge CP disparity creates many, new insights into our understanding of our visual system. We know that by darkening yellow we get browns. By lightening browns we get yellows. In addition, when we combine red/green we also get browns. By adding a bit more red, we get an interesting set of colors which are those of the red hair colors, as well. Auburn, red, light brown, viz. blond, and red-brown. A combination colour set.
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In addition there are the red/green color blindnesses, X-linked recessives. Those persons cannot see red/green. They cannot see which light, or sign is red, or green, tho they can detect the light from those events. The real problem for them were the horizontal signal lights. They could not see if the light lit was red or green, and until the stop lights were standardized, to red on top, then yellow, then green on the bottom, they had lots of trouble driving!!!.Consequently increased driving accidents results (ed).
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But what, we might also ask do they see if not red, or green? And here again are the values of the kategoria of Cx Sys descriptions as first explored vastly and fruitfully by Aristoteles. (The Kategoria of Incompletenesses, for instance.) Or the unlimited, CP driven/created, read, and modified kategoria of our vast hierarchical organizations of knowledge by the many means of doing so, as also discussed before.
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The red/green blind, deuteranopes (as oppsed to normal trichomacity, 3 pigments) see browns. When asked what they see, they say that most people see brown, and so do they. NowTHAT is interesting is not? By CP of normal colour vision with that of R/G blindness, we learn something about brown.
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Have we ever seen a brown light? Not very often, and why not? We see red, yellow, green, orange lights, and blue even violet lights. Why not much brown, by CP?  Brown is thus created by both darkened yellow, and by combining red/green. The two colors cancel each other out, except when there is a bit surplus of red, & we get hair colours by those combinations from auburn, to red/brown, which is then red many cases. Then we get the default colour, Brown. So we learn that in colour blindnesses, brown is a default color. The red/green in normal vision cancels out red/green to give us brown.
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Thus brown gives us insights into how the colour system works. Now, if red/green blindnesses, can see browns, what is going on? Thus in that case it’s a dark yellow. and that accounts for the rarity of brown lighting. In the natural world it’s most often seen in biological sources, such as brown bark, leaves, skin colors, and hair. It’s a special color, because it’s NOT on the spectrum, and for that reason shows us how the color vision works. Just as a genetic disorder compared to the normal, show us good information by that cognitive dissonance, that disparity, that CP, does it not? Info is created.
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We see the trichomy, which is normal color vision. But there is a third, which is also the case.
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Therefore we know the structures of what creates colors, it’s the cones, and when those are deficient, colour blindness is seen, mostly in men. This is a clear cut, S/F relationship.
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Now, we continue, 4. Dayglo, and this is an exceptionally bright color, which is there because of the specific colour pigments, which take UV light and by reducing the energy convert it to green, yellow, orange, red, & blue. So as the normal lighting is bright, the UV addition makes it visibly brighter, and thus more noticeable, There are more photons being created often of specific colours added by UV phtons by this method. Again not seen on the EM spectrum, at all.
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5. is the vast Kategoria of the colour combinations. Those combos are obviously unlimited. And none of those are seen on the EM spectrum, at all! This sort of like playing two or more musical tones, or chords at the same time. That is vision plus, and can be very interesting too. As stated before the complexity of those color combos is easily seen and explored in one place. The paint store methods, which organize the colours & combos by hierarchical means, we call the paint chips. THAT is the most easily found, complete Kategoria of the colours. The EM is a frail, linear, highly incomplete way of observing & understanding colors, is it not? And once again shows us the limits of linear processing, thinking and related maths, logics, and counting, very likely.
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The next is when we combine red with a bit of blue. It makes the color much more intense, and that is often used in lipsticks, and other signs, where the red must stand out, too.
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Next is 6. The Yellow/Green colors. Those are specific frequencies which our color vision creates by combining yellow & green, as orange is created by the combo of red and yellow, Or blue/green by the obvious. But there is green/yellow as a specific frequency of light, which our eyes, in simplicity, create Yellow-green by combining those. But there are depths within depths of this, as also reported in the “Structure…”. The brightest, most photons of light which are created by the sun which get to the surface of the earth, are the Yellow/Greens. And those are the most photons. And around the nearly exact center of frequncies of visible light, this high information content, are the colours. A high sensitivity to the most photons, gives the best visual distinctions, the most efficient way of seeing, because of the number of channels is far, far higher.
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Interestingly enough, as written before, our color vision centers around the brightest, normal light of our sun. Now if we, or another species lives around a more white sun, or a more red to slightly orange sun the colour sensitivities of our visual pigments would shift to the brightest frequencies for that sun. Thus if we humans and our domesticated species move to such a sun, very clearly, over time, our colour sensitivies in our eyes would shift to that new center of the brightest frequencies, would they not? So our colour vision is uniquely tied/directly related to the spectral characteristics of our sun. Which point has NOT been reported or seen before. Yet it’s of considerable importance in understanding our color vision as well as how everything is connected, too.
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Or if the spectral characteristics of our sun change over time time, then our eyes will also dark adapt.
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Yet another Kategoria is what happens if we wear red to pink glasses? The color vision adapts to this and the colours after a while appear to be normal. Also, if we take off those lenses after adaptation, most everything looks green, does it not? Until ti adapts back to the normal settings, for some reason. Another form of this illusion which shows us how the color vision works, is when we look at the so called colour pairs, such as red and green, Blue and Orange. If we concentrate & look at an image of those for a minute, then look at a white page, we see an oppositie visual image, an illusion of the blue where the yellow was &vice versa), and the red where the green was & vice versa! This is due to the visual image wearing out of the colour cones of our eyes, by sort of a light omission by the eyes, which leave the opposite colour, there.
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The last Kategoria is that of the RGB system for creating colours. In fact, it’s more the RYGB method, as playing around with the color buttons of colour TV sets can show. Our eyes create most all the colours from , red, green/yellow, & blue, not by entreating orange, green, and purple of those specifically, but by combining two colours to make a 3rd. Combining pigments does this as well. Taking yellow and mixing with blue, gives green. Yellow plus red give orange. and blue plus green gives blue-green. True with light, pigments, and colour video screens.

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Now Why in heck does this happen? Because colours are not real outside of our brains. The frequncies of light exist for all detectors of same. Brain uses highly efficient methods of detecting light frequencies by dividing them up into colors. For instance, we see the color spectrum divided into the colours every day, at least twice. And most persons do not know this. they see it so often they ignore it by habituation. & it was Newton using his prism spectrum to show the colour bands in the 1600’s, which showed us that the low frequencies were on the red side, and the higher, on the right, blue side. & that the lower frequencies were bent less than the higher, and thus the colour frequencies going through very clear glass prisms had those characteristics. And this, of course, also created the rainbow, too. altho that’s more than the prism spectrum because it creates accessory, reversed rainbow arcs of light when esp. bright sun shines. The other arcs being due to multiple internal reflections very likely due to the photons bouncing about in the roundness of the rain drops.
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But the sunrises and sets are the same. Sunlight is differentially bent by the atmosphere, and creates the deep black, then the deep red, then red, orange, yellow a bit of green and then blue. So our colours are set every day and evening by those, and the clouds and darknesses set the whites to grays to black. Green we see in the plants, commonly and brown often the same, most often. So the colour spectra are set, reinforced in our brains from an early age, as well. But why it took so long to figure out that the normal frequencies of less energy of red light compared to those further along in the spectrum being higher, each than the previous, is NOT figured out by our eyes.  However, the colours are separated out by this sort of detection of higher energies by the rhodopsins which permit color vision in our eyes.
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There are yet more depths within depths in this as well. How is color created by the eyes and is the colour it is? Some for that reason not simply gave it a name, the qualia, which is like assigning planets, winds, water, the sun, a god’s name, and thinking that explains those, but does not!! But by instead we should be using the empirical methods, widely applicable and nearly universal useful, called S/F relationships. Those universal processes create the colours by the means which we know them have been found, so far. Colours are brain creations, & are illusions, hallucinations created by our visual nervous systems, They, like the emotions and touch, hot, cold, tastes, etc., are Not real but internal creations which reflect real characteristics, in fact, both inside and outside of our bodies. Those correspond fairly well, except for the illusions, which show how sensations are created, and are in fact, not real outside of the structures of our brains. But, they DO correspond to more deep, existing events in our universe, which we share with other livings systems.
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If a tree falls in the forest, exposes the deep idealistic fallacy here, does the tree make a sound if no one is there to hear it? Yes, because, we can see the pressure waves which each tree falling creates,k and record them independently of our brains. So, the idealisms fail & fall to the empirical facts. and the animals run from those, falling trees as do we!!!
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This can be done more completely, esp. in terms of pain, which arising largely as a neurokinin, among a few others, with interesting effects. Pleasure is the same, being a chemical consequence of dopamine like Cx Sys events, or mu receptors of the endorphins and mimicked by the opiates. Thus the S/F relationships show something of how they come about. And to interpret more about how the visual system creates the images we see, the visual illusions must be understood better, as those provide insights into how that is done by the brain. Illusions of all kinds are insights into how the brain works by comparison Processing (CP) of information.
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Have discussed this before, but it needs to be stated once again. The pain centers in the brain, as described by the 9-10 sites (Pain matrix)  in the brain which likely mediate pain, are the case. We know where they are by what lights up on the function MRI (fMRI) scans when pain is induced. However, we have only part of the system figured. Sort of like, when we know what the genes DNA structures are, but we do NOT know how many functions or even what functions the genes have. Yet another, S/F relationship, and why about 20% of the genes have resisted figuring out, is yet another problem, too. That can be done by seeing when the genes are abnormal, what happens to what normal functions by CP them. using the contrast from normal, to abnormal genes, we figure our more of how their multiple Cx Sys functions work.
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In the same way, by the S/F relationship of how the brain works, the language centers, the motor, sensory parts, the recognition of faces (FFA of brain, we can thus learn more by a new kind of instrumentation initially inferred from the Praxis, which shows the various kinds of international neurophysical tests, which so far, in a limited way, gives us more info about the senses, and how the brain works, very likely.
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And that, is the magnetic point stimulator. We can use mag stim grossly to block brain activity by depolarizing the brain with a large paddle, or specific nerves with a smaller device. But it’s large sized and give only very large depolarizations, which are not helpful in the parietal, sensory/motor strips, and forth. It’s all depolarized and the specific areas, such as Broca’s cannot be specifically depolarized. But with a point stim, easily created, then we can selectively depolarize tiny spots in the cortex, or deep structures & see what happens, as well, to functions. Thus we are given a CP to what we know occurs in some parts of the brain AND with the mag point stim, we can specifically explore up & down the cortices & find out what functions disappear, or are modified by comparing the two.
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Using this method we can thus vastly improve our knowledge of the S/F relationships of the brain by reading up and down the cortex, where the major functions of high level info are processed;  thus increase by 10,000 times fold our S/F knowledge about how the brain works. For instance use the point stim on each of the pain matrix and see what aspect of pain is temporally abolished. And that will give us a pretty vast improvement of the specifics, of what’s going on, even in the visual processing of info in the visual cortex. This is how to get past the “qualia’ into the far more empirical meaningful, actual S/F events going on in brain. And represents a very real conceptual advance in terms of understanding how our senses (even colours), and emotions are created, modulated, and work, does it not?
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Or the mag stim can be used within the deep matter of the brain because magnetism passes through living matter, easily.
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There are many other subjects in the category of Colours. One is this, the Qualia, so called, of colours. Does that term tell us anything about the origins of colours, created in our nervous system? Of course not. So, like naming the Moon, Selene, the Earth, Gaia, Saturn and the planets after the gods, it tells us nothing of how those work. Empty pagan, deifications, which act as pseudo explanations, and thus are irrelevant to our understanding.
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Jettison the qualia & use the well developed concepts of CP & S/F comparisons. Then look at colour vision and its loss as well. Then at Synesthesias as ways which elucidate those. We know this: There are structures in the retina which create colour coding by frequencies. If those structures are damaged, such as in red/green blindness, we see Brown instead, if so afflicted. If there are no rods, we do not see white, grays unlimited or black either. So the S/F relationship is the key to understanding where the colours come from. The colours are ways of detecting the different frequencies/energies of light. If low, red, if high, the blue to UV, latter of which can be seen by some.
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Thus we have a simple S/F relationship here. The detection of colour means the retina can detect the differences in the frequencies. Thus, detected, colours are assigned which grossly & arbitrarily divide those into colours. This arbitrary designation is a colour standard, which is also used by the eye & visual cortex, and becomes language, as well. We can further divide up red and yellow combos into orange, and red/orange, too. Recall that those colours are the standards by which we name, ID, and detect colours.
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Thus we have internal, retinal/visual cortex standards which can detect AND see colours. So in order to name those, we arbitrarily designate those colours as the ones we use. Thus naming is relativity, to using set, arbitrary words, and which we arbitrarily assign to colours, and then divvy them up repeatedly. The ability of humans too see such vast shadings of colours, is given here. See if you can get at least one correct, perfectly. You have both intact color vision as well as the discrimination to assign gray/purple/red/blue sequence.
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Now, What are the colours? They are a complex system set of events which we see. Red roses, or blood. For that reason Red is very important (as is the metallic, blood taste tongue receptor, which has been ignored), because if we see it on people, we know there’s trouble. So it’s very critical to know that. Also, the red light at dawn & sunset tells us dawn is coming, & Dusk is nigh, too. Red is there for many reasons, & is arbitrarily assigned as Rote, red, Colorado, or rose. The assignation of red is important because of those reasons. The sounds for words we use are arbitrary as well, but stable, set fixed standards of the descriptive epistemology of Einstein, as well. The relativity of colour vision, in fact.
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With THOSE standards set, we then ask the question how does red differ from orange or yellow. Orange is NOT as red, comparatively, either. If the sun is red at sunrise, and sunset, or from ash and much dust/fire smoke, then white turns red. All turns red. Red is indistinguishable from white, as well. Our brains are then fooled. This CP gives us critical info about how we detect and ID red. When the sun is Red, we cannot see that the rose, or blood are red, either, because white in those cases is red too, and many others are as well.
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We see this the same when we look at tree leaves in the sun. Those are green. But when we look at the same tree leaves in Na+ vapour lighting, the leaves can be yellow! Now, what are the colours? They are based upon arbitrary standard of sunlight, which as it’s there all the time during the day, sets the colour standards for us. Thus the arbitrary standard for colours are sunlight.
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If we use Hg Vapor lighting, we do not see much pink or red. The hand appears pale.Greens &  violets/blue are more prominent. Incandescent lighting can afflict colour schemes in interior paints and designs, as well. As the Interior decorators well know!!!
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So, when we see the various frequencies, and the brain does NOT know, that red up the spectrum to blue/vikolet are in terms of frequencies, either. BUT the Photopsins which are colour detecting proteins in the retina, ID the differences in energies, & report those to the visual cortex. It compares redness to those frequencies, and reports those as reds, and then we see red. The same with the other systems. Thus are the colours created by the nervous system.
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 We see red, yellow, green & blues, from which the others are created, by those synthetic means. It combines red and yellow lights or pigments to create oranges. It combines red/green to create brown, or alternatively dark, deep gray yellow to do the same. It takes green/yellow and we see Chartreuse. And then yellow and blue to create Green, as well. & with 4 simple combos, R, Y, G, and Blue  (RGB, simplified), all the rest comes about, does not? And even purple or green/blues are created by this combining process.
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That’s where colours are created in the visual pigmented photopsins, which by their energies, detect the very narrow spectrum of light, because that is the ONLY way to detect which colours are which.  In addition, the visual cortex then uses a CP to arbitrarily create the colours. Exactly how that’s done is not clear, but using THESE S/F means, instead of the useless qualia, we can then figure out just where the sensations of colours come from. And from there, likely infer the rest of the senses of touch, hot, cold,positon & so forth, all within the S/F methods and by using CP which assigns the standards, too.
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That’s how we figure out where colour visions come from. from the structures which are lost, which create red/green, and other kinds of blindnesses. We now have the genes, the structures,and then we need now to find out how those are converted to the functions, that is, the sensations. It’s that simple. When we know WHERE we are going, then we have half the problem solved. Qualia are clearly worthless in clinical neuroscientific terms.
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The value of optical illusions in terms of understanding the visual system’s  geometries (Not euclidean) related to how the much more simple, sensory illusions has already been addressed.
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Notably, when we have 3 large bowls of water, first at 35 F, second & middle at 70 & last at 105, and we put our L & R hands into L, the near freezing water and the right, into the very hot water. We find this. Letting the skin equilateral to near the temps of hot and cold, we take the left and put it into the 70 deg. bowl. It feels rather warm. Then we remove that, put the R into the 70 deg. bowl & it feels cold. That comparison process (CP) shows exactly HOW the nervous systems works in terms of sensations. It’s all CP, from ambient temps of the skin, to the ambient lighting. And this shows us exactly how it’s done. From the 70 F bowl to the hot, it feels hot, from the same bowl to the cold it feels cooler. Same with the hot bowl. Taking the hand from cold, & into the hot, it’s extremely HOT even painful!!!
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Thus the arbitrary CP is the case acting here. using relative skin temps as the standards, we get the impossible hot bowl from the cold hand, and the impossible cold bowl, from the hot hand.
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That is the power of the CP in determining HOW the senses work, by the CP in our sensory, & visual cortices. & pain is largely the same, too!!!
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Now we have to deal with the synesthesias of the senses, & will use the most powerful, oldest system to work on those. What applies and derives from the vision, as it’s the primary, most highly developed sense, will show us what’s going on in the synesthesias of the rest.
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Many persons claim they are seeing emotions associated with colours. How can we possibly detect that? We cannot. however, we do KNOW of a synesthsia which is associated with the emotions. The visual senses can do that. We see a loved one or a friend. A sort of love, euphoria sets in. The affection for friends and loved ones is a visual association, is not? And that is a synesthesia in the commonest, more real sense. And we have those all in common, so it’s highly evidenced, without limits. The same is true for laughter, altho it’s very culturally dependent. But the same verbal jokes, or visual jokes (visual sensory) shticks work in that same way. “Oh, Honey, that’s our song!” has much the same synesthetic qualities, too.
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And when we hear the great Symphonies, and the anthems of our nations, we have that same welling up of emotions, do we not? Thus we are conditioned, by repeating events, to create LTM of those synesthesias, Der Gotterfunken, the Mountain top experiences, the wonderment, at the great waterfalls, and their power. The same of the grand sight of the incomparable Vale of the Yosemite, with 3 of N. Am’s largest waterfalls within view there, at the same time. The wonderment of Glacier Point when seem the 1st time, too.
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This all presaged in, The Explanandum, of the Dopamine boost, which creates the memes, the going viral on the Net, the wonderment, awes, loves, etc.
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Notably at the end, Der Gotterfunken of Beethoven’s magnificent Ninth. But presaged by the DA boost which creates those as above. the S/F relationships of the DA boosts, in short. Most all LTM generated, too.
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Thus then the existing synesthesias of the emotions, or the sadness of the dolorous tones, all of which we are conditioned to have, by social and musical means, are the case.
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Thus we find an understanding of the rarer synesthesias from the more usual, universal ones.
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Those persons have cross wired certain stimuli into having visual, colour outputs. The system is creating colours to correspond (CP), roughly, because those have been conditioned by events. They are rare, and they are NOT very valuable, either. But those explain the synesthesias, rather well, at least mostly.
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the issues of Tetrachomacity where person do have 4 color receptors in the eyes is the case. it’s very rare, but they can see colours which we cannot, either, very likely. And that’s easily testable using color comparisons, where they can distinguish many colours we cannot see.
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 The Fatal, Empirical Flaws of the Socialisms

 The Fatal, Empirical Flaws of the Socialisms
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By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2020
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The basic problems are that of the visible outcomes of the Socialisms. IN every case it damaged the economies, the political system, and provided a concentration of money & power which then corrupts & damaged the society in most all areas. The concentration of money &  power creates embezzlements (Biden, Hillarious, Pelosi in Ukraine shenanigans), and then dictatorships, which further ruin the nations, as seen in all over post colonial Africa, Zimbab being the most obvious, highly the case in point!. The  Soviet Leninistas, Maoisms, Pol Pot, VN, & currently the worst case, MADuro in Venezuela, are yet further, empirical evidences of the destructivenesses of socialismos.

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Socialism demoralizes &  impoverishes a society, as Lord Thatcher so wisely saw. The 40-60% (or more) of the economy taken up by socialisms creates waste and bad investments of those monies, which should for efficient reasons be invested in solid markets, performing investments. By stark contrast, the socialistic systems are terribly inefficient, and when the troubles start, they fail and fall. At the end of the USSR, their economic outputs, goods &services were about 25% as efficient as ours, & were no longer growing. So they collapsed. Innovations were also sadly lacking there, too.
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It’s Efficiencies which drive the markets, stated Adam Smith so wisely 240 years ago. & efficiencies are the physics of thermodynamics. To get an economy growing & jump started requires major increases in efficiencies. Otherwise, as Whitehead presciently stated, “ANY society which cannot break out of its current ways of doing things, after a limited period of growth, is doomed to stagnation. That is the S-curve of growth, and it’s ubiquitous in economies.
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S-curves of growth, here:
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LE likely source of growth, development, market processes, and evolution.
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The innovations & forced modernizations of the markets in Chung Hua by Deng Xiao Ping created that, and now they are at no growth, as they are at the top of the S-curves. Japan did the same. The inability of the social democrats to create growth is the same. Shier economies are hobbled by government size & thus waste. Or as the East Asians state, “Socialism is the European disease.”
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As Jefferson so wisely stated, 240 years ago, “The Best government is the Least government.” That is, the most efficient, ThermoDynamic systems, which can grow and win. Socialisms thus are in violation of LE, growth system rules, and must fail in the long run. Always. And THOSE are the empirical outcomes we see.most always with Socialisms. A modest amount of poison, in the long run, is just as fatal as the Soviet system.
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The problems are the idealisms of Pythagoras, Platonism, and Hegelianisms, which underlay Marxisms & National Socialism. They are like the Scholasticists of Galileo’s time, Idealistic and Mind Trapped. They were/are resolutely apposed to testing and checking their beliefs against events in existence. They do NOT empirically check and test Outcomes, which drive creation of new information & methods. & they will not. They will not look in his telescope, nor see the two metal spheres, the small and the lighter, hitting the ground at the same Time, thus refuting Aristoteles.  Thos. Kuhn, “The Structure of Sci. Revolutions.”
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Instead, the incentives of concentration of money and power create the temporary growth & then they decline and lose. That kind of temporary growth, then collapse is most always seen with idealisms (Nazis & Marxism/Leninisms), because they cannot see outside of their Mind Traps. They are old, fossilized, set in their ways (Bernie Sanders, stroke, brain damaged, as well ) and in the “incentive traps”, economically, politically and socially so well described by Hernando Desoto in “The Other Paths” and the economic, political incentive traps of Davidson and Lord Moog-Reese. They cannot escape their eventual failures and collapses.
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The Mind Traps here.
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& by ignoring the rules of physics those societies cannot “Break OUT: ( & my work shows many of these), then they are doomed to stagnation and then strangulation after a limited period of growth. Least energy, least energy, LE Rules in this universe.  Everywhere, observably, Least energy drives most all testable processes in our universe.
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LE likely source of growth, development, market processes, and evolution.
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And that’s why Sanders, Hillarious, & all the rest of the socialistas, including Obama, have failed and will continue to fail. We cannot win against the laws of physics which rule all processes most everywhere in our observable universe, including economics. No one can.
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And why Trump will be resoundingly successful, because as a good,  solidly trained & experienced engineer, he believes in outcomes, in results, and will not ignore; and then will avoid the perils & pitfalls of socialisms of all forms Those  MUST necessarily fail through out out our world, and the universe itself. That’s how it is. It’s simple, direct & very likely the case.
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  “I don’t believe in ideologies. I believe in outcomes.” –Prez  Donald Trump, the Architect,  Builder, & Engineer, speaking.
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Socialistas Cannot see they are in violation of the universal rules. They refuse to see it. And they cannot easily change, either. The mind Traps are too strong for them to break out of, and as a result, they must therefore, mightily fail. Like the USSR, Maoist Chung Hua, Zimbab, Pol Pot, and now Maduro, where collapse is imminent, too.
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And that’s the way it is, universally. So Trump & those promoting efficient, small governments win. While the socialistas find themselves on the ash heaps of history. Lacking insight, and being clueless, they crash and burn. & that’s what’s going on, largely.
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Sail with the tides of efficiencies, and good investments of monies, instead of wasteful government spending, & win. Privatize, cut spending & worthless government jobs. Otherwise, stagnate, fail, and often, fatally collapse. That’s how the Universe of events works, with our scientific, political, empirical correctors being applied.

Our Eyes Cannot See Our Eyes: The MindTraps

Our Eyes Cannot See Our Eyes.  The Mindtraps.
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By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison
Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014.
Copyright © 2020
“Oh, that we could see ourselves as others see us.”  –Robert Burns, Noted Scot Poet.
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Almost anything which jogs us out of our current abstractions is a good thing.” —Alfred Whitehead
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It’s become clear from many stand points that human beings suffer from a multiplicity of “mind traps”, that is, they engage in stable behaviors that prevent themselves from growing and developing. Sometimes in modest ways, and as in the addictions, and personality disorders, very destructive at times.
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This is an ancient pattern, and is easily confirmed by seeing the real,  unlimited examples of it. But on the other hand, there are as well, many, many nearly unlimited ways, specifically of escaping from those minds traps, too.
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In the field of psychology/psychiatry we see those in many ways. At first, it’s the lack of understanding which children have of what’s going on around them. Their experiences, information and abilities to process information make them “act like children”. As Freud most notable wrote, they can’t escape from their regressive behaviors, often even as adults. Around 12-14 years most children, by Piaget’s copious notes & confirming examples,  begin to logically process and reason events around them. But how is this done?
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We know that dements cannot see they are demented. We know that the personality disorders often do not realize, or have lack insight, or in popular terms, “are clueless” to the facts they are clueless. They do NOT know that they do not know. IOW, they are ignorant of their ignorance, either deliberately, by denials, apologetics, unlimited excuses, rationalizations and usually, logical fallacies without limit.  The same is true of the ‘woo-woo persons’ who are enmeshed in their credulous superstitions, astrology, numerology, and various other forms of “spells”, witchcraft beliefs and so forth. These are most all the mindtraps.
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Economically, Davidson and Moog-Reese discuss the “incentive traps” of many political & economic systems, which cannot reform. Hernando DeSoto in “The Other Path” discusses at length the traps of mercantilism and its bad outcomes.
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In the current era, the egregious mistake of Marxisms and it’s multiplicit failures among them social, political & largely economic, which are blatant. Not to ignore those of socialisms as well.
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In the sciences, they ignore the wisdom of Feyerabend, who pointed out that as a human creation, there are  not likely any true absolute, objective means working in the science. They are just as liable to human foibles as any other field in which humans work. Which is taken directly from Einstein who stated as did Protagoras, that because standards and conventions are used, those cannot be absolute or final, viz. there is no absolute space or time, either with measuring OR our descriptions of events. We cannot create perfection because our standards are not perfect, either. Garbage in, GO!! The comparison processes which create relativity of measurement standards/limits are very likely the case.
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The huge confirmability crisis of the sciences where in documentably for the last some 40 years, unconfirmable, that is junk science. Now it makes up the majority of the vast numbers of articles in the hard sciences, & ever so much more so in the confirmability crisis in psych and social studies, as well.
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The minds traps of the manias and psychoses are readily, confirmably apparent. Those of the many kinds of personality disorders as well, without limit. They cannot see “Outside of their minds” The mind traps of the idealisms, the Platonism, the “Mind centered” beliefs, are also egregious. Or as Dr. Lewis Thomas so keenly saw & wrote, “The introspective philosophies failed because they looked into the mind for answers and there wasn’t that much there.” To which the egregiously apparent “logical Fallacy of Idealism” is apparent.
The Eyes cannot see the eyes, is yet another. We cannot easily see ourselves as others see us, because we have eyes which cannot see ourselves, completely. Even if we use mirrors, the images are reversed and thus not quite true. Only with video tapes can we partially fix this problem, but people act differently when being video’d, compared to candid, hidden video making. IOW, Candid Cameras! Actors also make use of that to more readily act in believable, entertaining ways. They know professionally what is good acting, and what likely doesn’t seem real and loses their audiences. To some extent they can see themselves, judging however imperfectly from what they see and are told by their audiences.
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The Idealistic Fallacy is that the brain outputs are merely believed, falsely to be THE whole truth, while the events in existence which they attempt to be superior to, are in fact the higher standards. Thusly mind trapped, they cannot see their ways out of their logical incompletenesses of maths, logics, and so forth. & Godel quite clearly showed with his Incompleteness Theorem, AKA the euphemistic, Godel’s Proof. Logic cannot be logically used. It always falls short, altho it occasionally succeeds.
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Or as Schopenhauer, with almost Kafka-esque credulity and absurdity wrote, “The World is My Idea.” Again, not even realizing his vast, empirically invalidated, testably provable mindtrap, so characteristic of Hegel, Kant, and many others.
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Galileo ran into these Scholasticist mind traps, which had him under house arrest for 20 years. & effectively delayed the modern sciences for generations. The idealist, Platonist scholasticists were mind trapped, and thus revealed that Idealisms are inately anti-scientific, anti-empirical and thus oppose and are not consistent with empirical testing and checking. Which largely shows that as well. They would not even look into his telescope, NOR watch as the two metal balls of different sizes struck the ground at the same time. Thus empirically invalidated forever, confirmably, the absurdities of Aristoteles’ idealisms.
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That the 19th C. Physicists also fell into a  mind trap to believe that physics was complete, and then they were hit with x-rays, gamma rays and IR; and then radioactivity. & then at last QM which showed that the best model  so far found, showed that the universe on a most basic level was NOT certain, but stochastic and probabilistic, from which macroscopic events emerged, giving the merest “illusion” of deterministic, certainty. & the Heisenberg Uncertainty principle showed so clearly, as well.
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There are many mind traps, as shown above, and fortunately the ways out of them are legion as well.  They are in short, the sciences, which are self correcting, despite the mind traps they fall into and are still inside them This is because events in existence will correct our misbeliefs as long as we realize, as did Lincoln, that the Big Pot, the Universe, does NOT go into the Littler Pot, our miniscule crania!!! We so massively over-simplify and ignore almost everything, as anyone who’s walked around on any kind of field trip, so readily knows.
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Count the number of unknown stars, positions, motions, compositions and the unlimited number of those in our galaxy alone, PLUS all the other bodies the stars are bound to gravitationally, & are beyond all human comprehension.  Then as the LSB galaxies showed, there are about 1 trillion OTHER galaxies to be categorized and studied. Thus, incompleteness of our physics models (Feynman, Bell, Hawking in “The Grand Design”) and the lack of a good “unified model” are also egregious examples of that we do not know that we do not know.
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Or as JBS Haldane put it, “The universe is not only queerer than we suppose, but stranger than we CAN imagine.”
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All of these show the limits to knowledge created by our inadequate concepts, and methods. The incompleteness which has a hugely important basis in thermodynamics, as embodied in Shannon’s methods, as well.
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Kategoria of the Incompletenesses,to use Aristoteles’ methods to discredit him.
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Incompleteness of physics, as Feynman stated, that QM cannot generate biology at all. Fortunately a lot of this is being dispelled and dealt with using least energy methods, comparison process, structure/function relationships and complex systems models, which tho clearly not complete as much, are often much better in describing and creating new information to get out of those mindtraps of logic, idealisms, Taoistic solipsism, and much else, besides.
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The sciences, using a comparisons testing form of Leon Festinger, the “cognitive dissonances” that is the disparities, between what we expect to see (in sciences, from our models), versus what we likely do in fact see, is the case. But for the Kuhnian stated “8 minutes of arc error”, Kepler’s cognitive dissonance, he could have accepted the Copernican circular orbit model. Which led to Newtonian orbital methods for the limited N=2 conditions. Sadly, the solar systems are mostly N=/>3 systems & are the case and Newton was incomplete. For which Einstein did create more completeness, but just. And Hawking showed that TD, Newtonian/relativity physics and QM were all not complete nor consistent, once again in his “Grand Design” from the first page.
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These are the puzzles, and problems. How the finding of only 1/3 of the expected solar neutrinos, or how the finding of vast amounts of Dark Matters/Energies(plural), showed the inadequacy of the models. Yet more dissonances, disparities, which create the new physics coming of complex systems, Least energy driven models, and the unlimited numbers of methods/techniques & devices/technologies those will likely create. & Shows yet one more way outside of the traps.
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Cx Sys of 2nd law, here.
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The Hindus also knew this. Try to escape the endless wheels, cycles of birth, life and death, and they sadly, failed, having dealt with it using the idealistic mindTraps, only to fail. The same with most all of our methods to date, and today.
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But as Einstein wrote, the ” Lord God is subtle, but he is not mean.” shows that there are MANY ways out of those endlessly confining, least energy driven mind traps, as well.
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Education is a good way, because it shows the limits of our knowledge &  created the information to improve and make more complete our understanding. Similarly, there is “no royal road to geometry.” as Archimedes told the Kind of Syracusa. IOW, we MUST do the work to find the standards and conventions by which we do the work to create new information about the “relationships among Events”, which as Einstein showed (Physics and Reality, 1936) creates new understandings.
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And that’s how we escape the mindtraps. To realize that we ARE in them mostly, and that the ways out are the comparison of events in existence with our puny, limited, incomplete models of same. But we MUST realize, from the first, as the addicts must, as the personality disorders do, as the idealists of political, philosophical and religious types must learn in whatever way possible, that those are mindtraps. and there are many ways out of them, too.
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The conversion of St. Paul on the road to Damascus was an egregious example of religious conversion through a clear cut nervous breakdown. & often that’s necessary. He was killing people, for religion. It was very wrong, and it finally broke him. When he began to heal, he became the very person he’d been attacking and murdering. & thus came his conversion. The conversion of St. Paul was the same as it’s been for many, many cultures and individuals. Our of crisis comes growth necessary for survival, even success. That of many persons works the same way. Most of us know some very bad persons in their teens, who “got religion” and became ministers and related, to escape from their immoral traps, as well. And the Elmer Gantries among others, who are still trapped in their religious traps, and cannot escape, either.
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The Egosyntonic effects not well understood before, are, like going viral on the Net, how songs and jokes spread, and how Memes of Dawkins are created and work, are further examples. Egosyntonic is a powerful insight into the personality disorders. Those are clearly dopamine driven, and rewarded, because every time, for instance, the narcissist criticizes others, he reinforces his own beliefs, and gets that DA release thrill. The narcissisms, of the anti-social personality disorders are of the same. And unless that egosyntonic boost, underlying fads and fashions as well, are KO’d by an appropriate blockers to the DA “pleasure principle”, then they will go on and on, self-reinforcing themselves, becoming hard wired, and thus nearly inescapable, very hard to treat as such.
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This at once suggests how to deal with such fads and fashions of the brain. Block the DA reinforcing behaviors. Train them out of such mind traps. Who would willing block something that makes them feel good? Few can resist than kind of built in addiction to DA release. As has been written about before.
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The work of Whitehead & how to get out of traps by “breaking out of our current abstractions”, both social and personal is critical here.
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Many persons enter the ministry to control their immoral impulses. Many antisocial persons enter police forces, and again manifest this “reaction formation” to control their tendencies & it does to some extent, work But not always. And the pyromaniacs who rise to  high positions in the fire department also show this, as well.  So there are many ways out to control such impulses, tho those do not always work.
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In the same ways, our methods of treatments are limited, as well. We treat diseases with meds often with only about 50-70% efficiencies. IOW, no matter what we use, the depressions, the pain, the migraines, the blood pressure problems and even the cancer therapies are NOT completely treated.. And that shows the means to improve. As in how to make sildenafil 50 mg. last for upwards of 3 days, instead of the usual, 4-6 hours, using Cx Sys methods.
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The new complex system pharmacologies, however, are MUCH more complete and effective. Dealing with 90% or more of migraines; eliminating virtually most all drug resistances among micro-organisms, for the foreseeable future. and while not totally complete, because no perfect heat engines are possible, they are much much better than those before them.
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Please Peruse 1/3 of the way down to combo Chemistries to deal with antibiotic resistances.
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It’s solid, it’s doable and creates almost unlimited triple Tx’s to block most all resistances for 8-12 years, until those stop working. Creating a vast sorting problem for the ESKAPE bacteria and others. And then we have millions of other antibiotics to throw at them in triple, Cx Sys fashion. Unlimited, but not quite, treatments for resistance to antibiotics in a nutshell. AND doable, today!!!
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Thus the methods of conversion used by DA work, if properly used. Joy is a great means to deal with this. Freud means joy and in fact, his pleasure principle is yet another expression of the effectiveness, but not complete, of psychoanalytical methods. In psych, the practitioners try to “give insight” to get their patients out of their mind traps, in short. and when that succeeds, it works. but still, it’s not complete. But there are many many ways to escape from the traps. the first &  foremost must be to admit that we are mind trapped and then find the multiplicities of ways out of it. ( “I’m an Alcoholic” is the first Step!) And those DO exist, both known and those yet in their vast multiplicity of methods which can be found. The best way to learn is  to “never stop learning” and realize that for us, learning is possible and endless. As is growth & advancement for ourselves, our families and our societies, world wide. We have ONLY to realize we are mind trapped and then break out to the new worlds possible, likely without limits for our tiny brains in such a vast, unlimited universe of events. That’s the promise of these methods.
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Thus our solutions we have within us, and are also found outside of us, as well. There are no limits to them, either. because our minds/brain are so small and the universe of events is so hugely complicated, complex and capable beyond our imaginings, to once again quote Haldane.
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There are no limits to our methods, therefore. All we need to do is to recognize the traps of least energy we find lotuses, in, supply the needed activation energies to escape those, and then to move upwards and onwards.
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Seek and you will find. Ask and it will be given to you. Cast your nets Widely, not limiting your beliefs to what you know, or wish to know. Stop denying the great lies & self deceptions which mindtrapped persons use most all times. Stop the excuse, the rationalizations of the dements, and those mindtrapped. Escape. Find the red light “Exit” signs which are all over the place, if we will but look, and take that First Step.
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As “Auntie Mame” said. “The world’s a banquet and most poor sods are starving to death.” She was right.

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The means are many. but we must admit we are wrong, incomplete & must learn and create more to escape. & then we enable ourselves to escape those self induced, self ignored, self damaging mindtraps, and find out ways out by devising new navigations & methods.
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I once was lost but now am found. Because we used better methods, navigational tools/standards to find out where we were & how to get out of the problems of our ages. The egosyntonic narcissisms, which trap us, into doing the same things over and over again.  The repetitions of the OCD patients, who cannot get out of their mind traps (the Myth of Sysiphus), are simply more of the same. Again, the confirmations of those mindtrap states are vast and the ways out just as unlimited, in most cases.
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Brain hardwiring is yet another. The behaviors stabilize after about age 20 or so. We cannot diagnose reliably personality disorders until after the ages of 16 or so. when such stabilizations occur. If we cannot “jog ourselves out of our current abstractions”, as Whitehead stated, we can make no any progress. or at Jeffersons stated, “I hold that a little rebellion now and then to be a good thing.” is the case!!!
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Or as Whit head states, showing how verbal descriptions can lead to the mathematics forms, any society which cannot break out of its current abstractions, after a limited period of growth, is doomed to stagnation. That is, the S-curve of growth, is not?  & that shows yet another of the vast confirmations of what’s going on with individual in the mindtraps, and socialites, as a whole, including the sciences of today.
The vast hardwirings of the elderly, who fossilized with dendritic and synaptic hardwiring in their LTM cannot learn, change or develop. Plus this mighty factor, persons today are living TWICE as long as they did 100 eyars ago, thus worsening the problem of “breaking out of our current abstractions”. As Planck said, “Progress in PHysics comes one funeral at a time.”  A general processor for most all fields.
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And thus the problems of modern societies, esp. the highly developed. Why should they change when they will retire shortly and why learn anything new, which they will not benefit from. Indeed, if the patents expire, or the methods change, they will lose what they have gained. So why change? Thus the least energy traps them [physically, mentally, socially, technological & economically. & they do not see the larger picture. They are mind trapped, is not?
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Thus these are the ways out, and even when some figure out magnetic stim and ibogaine, they will then learn HOW to escape the mind traps, better. and why, and how those methods, such as ECT and IST do work and quite quite well, in fact. Though they are burdened for now with terrible side effects. Which MagStim coupled with light doses of tested meds, will likely work far, far better.
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This is the way to the New World. and it’s coming, inevitably as the 2nd Law creates growth and change in our universe, observably and truly over billions of years time and spaces of billions of Light years, and all spaces in between.
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And these are but a few of the ways to escape the limits of “this mortal coil”. Or Sysiphus’ fate.