Updated 17 Nov. 2018
1. The Comparison Process, Introduction, Pt. 1
2. The Comparison Process, Introduction, Pt. 2
3. The Comparison Process, Introduction, Pt. 3
3A.. Extensions & Applications, parts 1 & 2.
4. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 1
5. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 2
6. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 3
7. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 4
8. The Comparison Process, The Explananda 5: Cosmology
9. AI and the Comparison Process
10. Optical and Sensory Illusions, Creativity and the Comparison Process (COMP)
11. The Emotional Continuum: Exploring Emotions with the Comparison Process
12. Depths within Depths: the Nested Great Mysteries
13. Language/Math, Description/Measurement, Least Energy Principle and AI
14. The Continua, Yin/Yang, Dualities; Creativity and Prediction
15. Empirical Introspection and the Comparison Process
16. The Spark of Life and the Soul of Wit
17. The Praxis: Use of Cortical Evoked Responses (CER), functional MRI (fMRI), Magnetic Electroencephalography (MEG), and Magnetic Stimulation of brain (MagStim) to investigate recognition, creativity and the Comparison Process
18. A Field Trip into the Mind
19. Complex Systems, Boundary Events and Hierarchies
20. The Relativity of the Cortex: The Mind/Brain Interface
21. How to Cure Diabetes (AODM type 2)
22. Dealing with Sociopaths, Terrorists and Riots
23. Beyond the Absolute: The Limits to Knowledge
24 Imaging the Conscience.
25. The Comparison Process: Creativity, and Linguistics. Analyzing a Movie
26. A Mother’s Wisdom
27. The Fox and the Hedgehog
28. Sequoias, Parkinson’s and Space Sickness.
29. Evolution, growth, & Development: A Deeper Understanding.
30. Explanandum 6: Understanding Complex Systems
31. The Promised Land of the Undiscovered Country: Towards Universal Understanding
32. The Power of Proliferation
33. A Field Trip into our Understanding
34. Extensions & applications: Pts. 1 & 2.
(35. A Hierarchical Turing Test for General AI, this was deleted after being posted, and it’s not known how it occurred.)
35. The Structure of Color Vision
36. La Chanson Sans Fin: Table of Contents
37. The Structure of Color Vision
38. Stabilities, Repetitions, and Confirmability
39. The Balanced Brain
40. The Limits to Linear Thinking & Methods
41. Melding Cognitive Neuroscience & Behaviorism
42. An Hierarchical Turing Test for AI
43. Do Neutron Stars develop into White Dwarfs by Mass Loss?https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/02/08/do-neutron-stars-develop-into-white-dwarfs-by-mass-loss/
44. An Infinity of Flavors ? https://jochesh00.wordpress.com/2017/02/16/an-infinity-of-flavors/
45. The Origin of Infomration & Understanding; and the Wellsprings of Creativity
46. The Complex System of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
47. How Physicians Create New Information
48. An Hierarchical Turing Test for AI
49. The Neuroscience of Problem Solving
50. A Standard Method to Understand Neurochemistry’s Complexities
51. Problem Solving for Self Driving Cars: a Model.
52. A Trio of Relationships and Connections
53: Einstein’s Great Subtleties: Einstein’s Edge
54. The Problem of Solving P not Equal to NP
55. How to Create a Blue Rose
56. The Etymologies of Creativity
57. A Basic Model of a Unifying System of Most All Knowledge
58. Understanding Psych with S/F Brain Methods
59. The Wiggins Prime Sieve
60. The Complex System of Love
61. The Limits of the Comparison Process
62. The Bees, Cortical Brain Structure, Einstein’s Brain, etc.
63. The Wiggins Prime Sieve, Version 3.
64. The Prime Quartets Method
65. Is Goldbach’s Conjecture True And/or False, Conditionally?
66. The Magic of the Prime Multiples and Goldbach’s….
Copyright © 2018
Copyright © 2018
By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014
Copyright © 2018
The basic concept which best deals with the primes is that of the Prime
Multiples (Prm’s). Those are clearly exclusive of the Primes, and the
primes are by logical definition excluded from being prime multiples. This
is the case. Thus whenever the Prm’s are generated, and eliminated, we are
logically left with the primes. When the language/terminology is better,
the concepts are better, applied more easily and understood better and
faster. There are great and good consequences to good vocabulary and
terminologies. It’s the basis of most all the professional
vocabularies & languages in nearly Every field.
The method has been tested and works by Dugas and O’Connor to numbers 10
exp.9, & is robust.
The same by Sullivan through 2000. and my work shows the same outcome to
2700, without missing a single Prm when accurately done. & a similar method
taking 5200’s & 5300’s in isolation, that is, starting at about 5300, and
sorting above and below that point by 100 numbers, showed that the method
works, completely, accurately and clearly.
So how does this relate to the gaps in the primes? Because the Prm’s
exclude the numbers which are Not Prime. When the PrM’s are consecutive,
the prime gap is consecutive with the PrM’s. And the patterns are very
clear. Take for instance, the huge first primes gap between 113 & 127. This
pattern is blatant, as well. Add 7 to 113, and subtract 7 from 127. We get
120. Now analyze this by the Prm’s methods. 120 is 10 times 12, an even
dozen, which has the largest number of divisors to that point. Then 24 is a
perfect number, and both 120 &12 are multiples of the perfect numbers, 6
Now we take 114, even, divisible by 3’s & ~ Prime. Then 115, -5 ending, not
prime and further, 5 times 23, thus a semi prime. Then 116, even divided by
2, 58, and 29 & 4; then 117, divisible by PrM3’s and 9; then 118, even and
divisible by 2 times 59; then 119,divisible by 7 and 17, again Prm’s. Then
120 and that’s the central magical number, divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8,
10, 12, 15, 20, 30, 60, etc. AND the CENTER of the Prime gap, for sure.
Then we have 121, being 11 squared; & then 122, 56, 2, 28, 4, 7, etc;
then 123 3 divisors, and then 124 with other many factors, an even number,
62, 31, 4, and so forth; then 125 which is 5 cubed!!!. Then 126, again
even, 63, 2, 7, 9, 3, and multiples of same. And last, 127 prime!!! The end
of the gap of primes.
The other clear pattern is that the Prm3’s pairs of 2 consecutive quartets almost always fall within those gaps. Thus those are a major contributor to the gaps, plus the other many Prm’s, too, such as 7, 11, 13, 17, etc. & this has been consistently found many, many times. Esp. below 2500. So the gaps ARE created by the Prm’s being particularly concentrated by the periodicities of the interference reinforcement patterns of the Prm’s, mostly. The prime gaps are thus generated in toto by large numbers of consecutive Prm’s, very clearly. It’s that easy to understand, quite frankly.
This Prm pattern is the pattern of the primes, which is like a cast of a
human face, or a casting system for the bronzes. The cast is the primes.
The face and original forms are the Prm’s, for when they are subtracted, we
get the primes by simple, unlimitedly repeating exclusions.
& the rest of the gaps are the same. There is NO pattern to the primes, but
for the pattern of the Prm’s. and this allows the primes to be sorted out
exactly and by exclusion when the Prm’s are created.
There are many ways of doing Prm creation/generation, efficiently, but the
best heretofore is the Atkins method, altho too many ignored the conversion
of the Entire number line to mod60 and then the laborious conversion back
to Mod10. This means it’s not as efficient as claimed.
However, there is a better way, and that’s simple and straight forward &
neuroscientific understanding. Our brains/minds are acutely attuned to
finding patterns, regularity, periodicities. & when we find those in
complex systems, we build our understandings on the Long Term Memories
those repeating, stable, efficient, Least energy patterns create, which
naturally are reinforced into our Long Term Memory systems in the cortical
columns. & then we use those standards to better understand what’s going on.
& that general method repeats without limits, and without constraints.
There are NO limits to the ways that primes can be sorted out. Using the
Prm’s by the long, most direct way, gives us multiples of multiples which
are very time consuming, 7X7’s, 7X primes, 11X11’s, 11, 13, 17, 19, and so
forth. & then the squares of primes, the cubes, etc. That’s what’s going on,
But the least energy rules of Thermodynamic efficiency state we find the
fastest, best, most complete and which gives the best understanding of how,
in a Gaussian practical sense, “Gauss’ Razor”, we sort the primes.
So, when we realize the vast fact that ALL primes are odd numbers, always
ending in -1, -3, -7, -9, and never -5, -0, or even numbers, we can thus
exclude 60% of the number line quickly & efficiently.
We then sort by starting with the primes, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, then 21, 23,
27, 29. & ever more efficiently by eliminating the Prm3’s, all of them up
to the square of 7, that is 49. We do NOT need to eliminate any other
Prm’s, but the Prm3’s before 49. Which gives the primes to 50!!! At that
time we begin to eliminate the Prm7’s, which are, 77, & 91. That is
7X7, 7X11, & 7X13. And thus have all primes up to 100. Merely by excluding
the 3 and 7 Prm’s in the first 9 quartets!!!
Then we do the 101, 103, 107, and 109 quartets, finding those are all
primes, as they are clearly not removed by Prm’s, & by a simple method. too.
Then we do 111, which is Prm3, then 113, prime, then 117, which is PrM3,
the pattern emerging of the Prm3’s in this method of quartets; and 10
quartets per 100, a centad, that is. Then 121 11 squared, where the Prm11’s
series starts, and 123, Prm3, already done above, and 127, prime, and 129,
Prm3. & we see the repeating, real patterns of paired Prm3’s being
The number line consists of periodicities best described by the Zeta
function. But even that can be simplified down. & this is how it’s done.
For Prime 3’s we see this pattern: the casting out 3’s method here.
Add up the digits, and mark Pm3’s as False, the others as T for True
Primes. We find that the Prm3’s are Always in pairs in a quartet, ONLY.
Thus if we find the one, we know that the other is the 2nd following
number. If it’s -1 & Prm3, then the -7 is Prm3. If it’s -3 as Prm3, then
automatically it’s the -9 as Prm3, too. If there is NO Prm3 pairs Ever
found in the first 2 lines ending in -1, & -3, then there are NO Prm3’s in
that quartet. There is NO alternative to this pattern. It’s final, and a
total pattern, without exception.
That removes by a simple addition ALL of the Prm3’s from the quartets to an
unlimited number, does it not? Far, FAR simpler and less processing than
doing the 3+3+3….. method of the E-sieve. Thus sparing ALL of that. One
to Two simple operations per quartet, at most, one 1/3 of the time, and
thus is massively faster than the E-sieve, which must do 60 more
numbers/100 than this method. that’s the Basic casting out 3’s method using
the quartets. But it’s EVER so easy to make it work faster, too. Using a
simple pattern, actually, the Prm3’s can be removed without even doing more
than one calculation, no matter HOW many digits the number line of quartets
has!!! & then extending that wheel without limit down the number line of
quartets to as far as needed, into the 100’s of digits, if desired. More of
that incredibly simple system, later.
Then we have the fast sorter which is of this form. Take a Prime, p, square
it, say 7 to 49, then double 7, get 14, and double that again to 28. Those
are the Prm7 series. by simple, arithmetic function. No lengthy multiplying
of primes together. None of that, at all. All of those multiples of 7, 11,
13, X 17, etc., are not needed. PLUS the primes 7, 11, 13, and their
squares, and cube and p exp. X, without limits, too.
We find then
49 plus 28
77 plus 14
91 + 28,
119 + 14
133+ 28, etc.
With 11 it’s 121 plus 22
143 + 44
187 + 22, etc.
This proceeds at an average rate of Prm7’s by jumps of 14, alt. with 28,
which is 21, average, with Prm7’s. With 11 it’s jumps of 33, on average, and with 17,
jumps of 34 and 68, clearing over 100 digits with only 3 steps, virtually.
As the primes rise in size, the clearing proceeds ever faster. Without
limits. Contrast that to 3, 3, 3, 3, and 7, 7, 7, 7, and 11, 11, 11. It’s
very fast, not having to mess with Prm3’s either.
We find a few -5 endings but not more than 1% of the Prm7’s, series, and
with each successive Prm# such as 11, 13, 17, 19, etc., the same is true,
and those decrease in number. And this is the method. & it’s robust, but
will over call and find the Prm’s as duplicates in each case as a back up
cross check for the method. So if the computer, or if we use a calculator
makes a mistake, those are real periodicities are not seen and thus the
mistake is quickly seen & correctable. What was thought to be a slow down,
was in fact a checking system, which can create Prm’s very, very much
faster by orders of magnitude if desired.
Essentially this finds the primes, and then we plow those back into the Prm’s series, finding ever more. By the time we get, for instance, to 19 sq., 361, we have 73 primes to plow back into the Prm’s generators. Well enough ahead to get to at least 130K of the number line and all of those primes, too. Thus this prime sorting system feeds the Prm’s by a huge amount and does not ever run out of primes to find the primes. It’s that easy.
It can go even faster this way, when the patterns of the successive but not
first Prm’s are located & removed from the number line. Without limits,
too. This is the most rapid way to create the Prm’s and eliminate them from
the number line, leading to a prime list, which grows and grows without
limits, as we reach each prime squared.
This method is way faster by 3 fold than the E-sieve, and actually advances
faster and faster as the size of the primes are squared and then added to.
Thus it generates quickly the Prm’s and the job is done as fast as possible.
That’s the Wiggins Prime Sieve in its nearly most efficient form. However,
the Prm’s which are duplicated, can also be sieved out by a simple pattern,
thus making the system even faster, if properly coded.
& works without limits, too.
This is what can be discovered with understanding the limitless
capabilities of the brain/mind for seeing patterns, and then more pattern
recognition on top of more patterns. The method can likely be made even
more efficient than this. The Log limit of the E-sieve is thus overwhelmed
and is not efficient, or least energy as this method is, and thus Least
energy methods win once more.
That’s the basic form of the Wiggins Prime Sieve, which is copyrighted and
which will threaten the cyber security of the RSA method, because when the
prime arithmetic factors are known, huge lengths of digits of primes can be
ID’d and then listed, and generated by computer methods at ANY point in the number line, when properly coded with these new methods.
And that’s how it’s done. and it’s neuroscientifically supported and robust
as well. Without limits.
When reviewing the QM equations, which are so complex that they cannot be
solved without huge computer power, we are essentially looking at an
analogous situation with the primes computations. Feynman found ways to
simplify the computations with his diagrams & renormalization. These methods of the Prm’s can
also be applied to the QM wave equation for the higher elements, atoms and
isotopes, & to solve those problems of electron levels and isotopic decay
rates, faster, and faster on existing machines. The way is clear for that,
The periodicities of the natural world, whether they be the Roche numbers
of the planetary, complex system orbits, or the rest of the complex system
families of events, can now be more rapidly sorted than ever, using these
& that is the Promised Land of the Undiscovered Country of the Complex
Systems. Genetic systems, protein folding and other such periodicities can
then be solved and result in rapid progress in those problems as well. They
way is now clear to understanding much more completely, the limitless
complex systems in our universe.
And this is the Promised Land of Comparison Processing, which recognizes
Least energy processes, which creates S/F relationships of brain, and the
unlimited methods of CP and LE applications. PLUS within the basic
understanding of Complex Systems, now possible.
By Herb Wiggins, M.D.; Clinical Neurosciences; Discoverer/Creator of the Comparison Process/CP Theory/Model; 14 Mar. 2014
Copyright © 2018
This title sounds almost silly, but is in fact a very deep, underlying and least energy connection about how events in our universe are interrelated and work together.
It’s been written many times before what the efficiencies and outputs of the comparison process (CP) are. Vast numbers of events in existence which are very similar to each other, & drive the creation of the categories of Aristoteles, the levels of the hierarchies of our understanding. We can detail and compare members of each of those synonymic and word clusters/phrases to each other, and which give a much more efficient and thorough, tho still not totally complete, descriptions of events. It creates creativity by setting up standards, conventions, rules, laws, etc., against which we describe events both internally and externally. Those standards are compared to events and the differences and similarity among them in wide gradations, allow us to create information. ROY G BIV is an excellent example. ( Do we have a near absolute sense of colour? As we can near perfect pitch? Not absolute but close enough.) So are high, high, highest; low, lower, lowest; hot, hotter, hottest vs. cold, colder, coldest; and the unlimited panoplies of those linear adjectival systems. But the central one is the comparative form, between the base and superlative forms, which generates most all the rest. And that has been missed.